Free access
Issue
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 51, Number 5, 1994
Page(s) 505 - 519
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/forest:19940506
Ann. For. Sci. 51 (1994) 505-519
DOI: 10.1051/forest:19940506

Bionomie et développement de Dendroctonus micans Kug (Col Scolytidae) dans le Massif central

G Vouland and D Schvester

INRA, laboratoire de recherches forestières méditerranéennes, unité de zoologie, av Vivaldi, F-84000 Avignon, France

Résumé - Des observations ont été menées de 1976 à 1983 sur la bionomie et le développement de Dendroctonus micans Kug (Col Scolytidae) sur Picea excelsa Link dans le Massif central à environ 1 400 m d'altitude. Les émergences d'adultes sont très échelonnées au cours de l'été et à dates variables selon les années. Il en résulte un échelonnement des pontes, une variabilité considérable, de 13 à 22-23 mois environ, de la durée du développement, et le fait qu'à presque toute époque de l'année sont représentées dans un même peuplement de très nombreux stades de l'insecte, et ce sans aucune homologie d'année en année à époques semblables.


Abstract - Bionomics and the development of Dendroctonus micans Kug in the Massif central. The bionomics and development of Dendroctonus micans Kug (Col Scolytidae) on Picea excelsa Link were observed by laboratory rearing attempts using an artificial (meridic) diet and a natural medium (spruce trunks, table I). Observations were also made between 1976 and 1983 in the French Massif Central in a stand at an elevation of about 1 400 m. With the artificial diet it was impossible to obtain the entire development from egg to adult. However, development from the 4th or 5th larval instar to adults was possible. This gives virgin females for rearing attempts on natural medium. Virgin females are unable to bore a normal gallery system. Observations of natural conditions were made on the day of the attacks by periodic marking of bore, and by monthly observations on the demographic composition of the insect populations. Fertilization occurs in the native gallery. The emergence of the adults may occur at variable periods in the year. For example, the first attacks were observed at end of April in 1978, mid-June in 1976, and mid-September in 1980 (fig 1 b). Females alone could bore a new system without contribution of the males. Emergence was also greatly spaced out (95 d in laboratory conditions and about 4-5 months in natural conditions, table II). This results in a spacing out of the oviposition, and a considerable variability of the development duration: about 13-22.23 months in natural conditions. This is because the insects issued from late-layed eggs are subject to 2 hibernating periods. This also results in the fact that many stages of the insects are present in a same stand all year round, without homology between years, as indicated by observations on the demographic composition of the population (fig 1).


Key words: Scolytidae / Dendroctonus micans / Picea / bionomics / development

Mots clés : Scolytidae / Dendroctonus micans / Picea / bionomie / développement