Open Access
Issue
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 63, Number 6, September 2006
Impacts of drought and heat on forests
Synthesis of available knowledge, with emphasis on the 2003 event in Europe
Page(s) 645 - 652
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/forest:2006041
Published online 14 September 2006
References of  Ann. For. Sci. 63 (2006) 645-652
  1. Abrams M.D., Genotypic and phenotypic variation as stress adaptations in temperate tree species: a review of several case studies, Tree Physiol. 14 (1994) 833-842 [PubMed].
  2. Ackerly D.D., Community assembly, niche conservatism, and adaptive evolution in changing environments, Int. J. Plant Sci. 164 (2003) 165-184 [CrossRef].
  3. Ackerly D.D., Canopy gaps to climate change - extreme events, ecology and evolution, New Phytol. 160 (2003) 2-4 [CrossRef].
  4. Bale J.S., Masters G.J., Hodkinson I.D., Awmack C., Bezemer T.M., Brown V.K., Butterfield J., Buse A., Coulson J.C., Farrar J., Good J.E.G., Harrington R., Hartley S., Jones T.H., Herbivory in global climate change research: direct effects of rising temperature on insect herbivores, Glob. Change Biol. 8 (2002) 1-16 [CrossRef].
  5. Bassow S.L., McConnaughay K.D.M., Bazzaz F.A., The response of temperate tree seedlings grown in elevated CO2 to extreme temperature events, Ecol. Appl. 4 (1994) 593-560.
  6. Bergès L., Rôle des coupes, de la stratification verticale et du mode de traitement sur la biodiversité, in: Gosselin M., Laroussinie O. (Eds.), Gestion forestière et biodiversité : connaître pour préserver - synthèse bibliographique, Cemagref éditions, Antony, 2004, p. 165.
  7. Berry J.A., Björkman O., Photosynthetic response and adaptation to temperature in higher plants, Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 31 (1980) 491-543 [CrossRef].
  8. Blake J., Hanowski J., Niemi G., Collins P., Annual variation in bird populations of mixed-conifer Northern hardwood forests, Condor 96 (1994) 381-399.
  9. Blondel J., Mourer-Chauviré C., Evolution and history of the western Palearctic avifauna, Trends Evol. Ecol. 13 (1998) 488-492 [CrossRef].
  10. Boag P.T., Grant P.R., The classical case of character release: Darwins finches (Geospiza) on Isla Daphne Major, Galapagos, Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 22 (1984) 243-287.
  11. Bréda N., Huc R., Granier A., Forest trees and stands under drought: a review of ecophysiological responses, adaptations and consequences, Ann. For. Sci. 63 (2006) 623-642.
  12. Britton A., Marrs R., Pakeman R., Carey P., The influence of soil-type, drought and nitrogen addition on interactions between Calluna vulgaris and Deschampsia flexuosa: implications for heathland regeneration, Plant Ecol. 166 (2003) 93-105 [CrossRef].
  13. Brunet J., Tyler G., Interannual variability in abundance of field layer species in a south Swedish deciduous wood, Flora 195 (2000) 97-103.
  14. Buckland S.M., Grime J.P., Hodgson J.G., Thompson K., A comparison of plant responses to the extreme drought of 1995 in northern England, J. Ecol. 85 (1997) 875-882.
  15. Buckland S.M., Thompson K., Hodgson J.G., Grime J.P., Grassland invasions: effects of manipulations of climate and management, J. Appl. Ecol. 38 (2001) 301-309 [CrossRef].
  16. Bultman T.L., Bell G.D., Interaction between fungal endophytes and environmental stressors influences plant resistance to insects, Oikos 103 (2003) 182-190 [CrossRef].
  17. Cannon R.J.C., The implications of predicted climate change for insect pests in the UK, with emphasis on non-indigenous species, Glob. Change Biol. 4 (1998) 785-796 [CrossRef].
  18. Coomes D.A., Grubb P.J., Impacts of root competition in forests and woodlands: a theoretical framework and review of experiments, Ecol. Monogr. 70 (2000) 171-207.
  19. Corcket E., Liancourt P., Callaway R.M., Michalet R., The relative importance of competition for two dominant grass species is affected by environmental manipulations in the field, Ecoscience 10 (2003) 186-194.
  20. Dale V.H., Joyce L.A., McNulty S., Neilson R.P., Ayres M.P., Flannigan M.D., Hanson P.J., Irland L.C., Lugo A.E., Peterson C.J., Simberloff D., Swanson F.J., Stocks B.J., Wotton B.M., Climate change and forest disturbances, Bioscience 51 (2001) 723-734.
  21. Davis A.J., Lawton J.H., Shorrocks B., Jenkinson L.S., Individualistic species responses invalidate simple physiological models of community dynamics under global environmental change, J. Anim. Ecol. 67 (1998) 600-612 [CrossRef].
  22. Drohan P., Stout S., Petersen G., Sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) decline during 1979-1989 in northern Pennsylvania, For. Ecol. Manage. 170 (2002) 1-17 [CrossRef].
  23. Département de la Santé des Forêts, Sécheresse et canicule de l'été 2003, Quelle incidence visuelle sur les peuplements forestiers ? DSF, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Alimentation, de la Pêche et des Affaires Rurales, Paris, 2004.
  24. Desprez-Loustau M.-L., Marçais B., Nageleisen L.-M., Piou D., Vannini A., Interactive effects of drought and pathogens in forest trees, Ann. For. Sci. 63 (2006) 595-610.
  25. Dunnett N.P., Willis A.J., Hunt R., Grime J.P., A 38 year study of relations between weather and vegetation dynamics in road verges near Bibury, Gloucestershire, J. Ecol. 86 (1998) 610-623 [CrossRef].
  26. Eber W., On the light climate in the forests near Gottingen and its influence on the ground flora, Scripta Geobot. 3 (1972) 150.
  27. Ellenberg H., Weber H.E., Düll R., Wirth V., Werner W., Paulißen D., Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa, Verlag Goltze, Göttingen, 1992.
  28. Elliott K.J., Swank W.T., Impacts of drought on tree mortality and growth in a mixed hardwood forest, J. Veg. Sci. 5 (1994) 229-236.
  29. Etterson J.R., Shaw R.G., Constraint to adaptative evolution in response to global warming, Science 294 (2001) 151-154 [CrossRef].
  30. Fay P., Carlisle J., Knapp A., Blair J., Collins S., Altering rainfall timing and quantity in a mesic grassland ecosystem: design and performance of rainfall manipulation shelters, Ecosystems 3 (2000) 308-319 [CrossRef].
  31. Fernández Fernández M.M., Salgado Costas J.M., Recolonization of a burnt pine forest (Pinus pinaster) by Carabidae (Coleoptera), Eur. J. Soil Biol. 40 (2004) 47-53 [CrossRef].
  32. Finsinger W., Tinner W., van der Knaap W., Ammann B., The expansion of hazel (Corylus avellana L.) in the southern Alps: a key for understanding its early Holocene history in Europe? Q. Sci. Rev. 25 (2006) 612-631.
  33. Fotelli M.N., Geßler A., Peuke A.D., Rennenberg H., Drought affects the competitive interactions between Fagus sylvatica seedlings and an early successional species, Rubus fruticosus: responses of growth, water status and 13C composition, New Phytol. 151 (2001) 427-435 [CrossRef].
  34. Fox L., Ribeiro S., Brown V., Masters G., Clarke I., Direct and indirect effects of climate change on St John's wort, Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae), Oecologia 120 (1999) 113-122 [CrossRef].
  35. Frelich L.E., Reich P.B., Neighborhood effects, disturbance severity, and community stability in forests, Ecosystems 2 (1999) 151-166 [CrossRef].
  36. Fuhrer J., Agroecosystern responses to combinations of elevated CO2, ozone, and global climate change, Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 97 (2003) 1-20 [CrossRef].
  37. Gibb H., Pettersson R., Hjältén J., Hilszczanski J., Ball J., Johansson T., Atlegrim O., Danell K., Conservation-oriented forestry and early successional saproxylic beetles: responses of functional groups to manipulated dead wood substrates, Biol. Conserv. 129 (2006) 437-450 [CrossRef].
  38. Godfrey L., Godfrey K., Hunt T., Spomer S., Natural enemies of European corn-borer Ostrinia nubilialis (Hubner) (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) larvae in irrigated and drought-stressed corn, J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 64 (1991) 279-286.
  39. Gordon C., Woodin S.J., Alexander I.J., Mullins C.E., Effects of increased temperature, drought and nitrogen supply on two upland perennials of contrasting functional type: Calluna vulgaris and Pteridium aquilinum, New Phytol. 142 (1999) 243-258 [CrossRef].
  40. Gordon C., Woodin S.J., Mullins C.E., Alexander I.J., Effects of environmental change, including drought, on water use by competing Calluna vulgaris (Heather) and Pteridium aquilinum (Bracken), Funct. Ecol. 13 (1999) 96-106 [CrossRef].
  41. Grime J.P., Brown V.K., Thompson K., Masters G.J., Hillier S.H., Clarke I.P., Askew A.P., Corker D., Kielty J.P., The response of two contrasting limestone grasslands to simulated climate change, Science 289 (2000) 762-765 [CrossRef].
  42. Gutschick V.P., BassiriRad H., Extreme events as shaping physiology, ecology, and evolution of plants: toward a unified definition and evaluation of their consequences, New Phytol. 160 (2003) 21-42 [CrossRef].
  43. Haddad N.M., Tilman D., Knops J.M.H., Long-term oscillations in grassland productivity induced by drought, Ecol. Lett. 5 (2002) 110-120 [CrossRef].
  44. Hale B.K., Bale J.S., Pritchard J., Masters G.J., Brown V.K., Effects of host plant drought stress on the performance of the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (L.): a mechanistic analysis, Ecol. Entomol. 28 (2003) 666-677 [CrossRef].
  45. Hansen A.J., Neilson R.P., Dale V.H., Flather C.H., Iverson L.R., Currie D.J., Shafer S., Cook R., Bartlein P.J., Global change in forests: responses of species, communities, and biomes, Bioscience 51 (2001) 765-779.
  46. Hanson P., Weltzin J., Drought disturbance from climate change: response of United States forests, Sci. Tot. Environ. 262 (2000) 205-220.
  47. Herrando S., Brotons L., Llacuna S., Does fire increase the spatial heterogeneity of bird communities in Mediterranean landscapes? Ibis 145 (2003) 307-317 [CrossRef].
  48. Højer R., Bayley M., Damgaard C.F., Holmstrup M., Stress synergy between drought and a common environmental contaminant: studies with the collembolan Folsomia candida, Glob. Change Biol. 7 (2001) 485-494 [CrossRef].
  49. Holt R.D., The microevolutionary consequences of climate change, Trends Evol. Ecol. 5 (1990) 311-315 [CrossRef].
  50. Hooper D.U., Chapin F.S., Ewel J.J., Hector A., Inchausti P., Lavorel S., Lawton J.H., Lodge D.M., Loreau M., Naeem S., Schmid B., Setala H., Symstad A.J., Vandermeer J., Wardle D.A., Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: a consensus of current knowledge, Ecol. Monogr. 75 (2005) 3-35.
  51. Imai C., Photoperiodic induction and termination of summer diapause in adult Epilachna admirabilis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) from a warm temperate region, Eur. J. Entomol. 101 (2004) 523-529.
  52. International Panel on Climate Change, IPCC Third Assessment Report: Climate Change 2001, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001.
  53. Joshi J., Schmid B., Caldeira M.C., Dimitrakopoulos P.G., Good J., Harris R., Hector A., Huss-Danell K., Jumpponen A., Minns A., Mulder C.P., Pereira J.S., Prinz A., Scherer-Lorenzen M., Terry A.C., Troumbis A.Y., Lawton J.H., Local adaptation enhances performance of common plant species, Ecol. Lett. 4 (2001) 536-544 [CrossRef].
  54. Kemp W., Cigliano M., Drought and rangeland grasshopper species diversity, Can. Entomol. 126 (1994) 1075-1092.
  55. Klironomos J., Hart M., Gurney J., Moutoglis P., Interspecific differences in the tolerance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to freezing and drying, Can. J. Bot. 79 (2001) 1161-1166 [CrossRef].
  56. Koricheva J., Larsson S., Haukioja E., Insect performance on experimentally stressed woody plants: a meta-analysis, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 43 (1998) 195-216 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  57. Kotanen P.M., Effects of gap area and shape on recolonization by grassland plants with differing reproductive strategies, Can. J. Bot. 75 (1997) 352-361.
  58. Kuperman R.G., Potapov M.B., Sinitzina E.A., Precipitation and pollution interaction effect on the abundance of Collembola in hardwood forests in the lower Midwestern United States, Eur. J. Soil Biol. 38 (2002) 277-280 [CrossRef].
  59. Ishikawa Y., Yamashita T., Nomura M., Characteristics of summer diapause in the onion maggot, Delia antiqua (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), J. Ins. Physiol. 46 (2000) 161-167 [CrossRef].
  60. Landmann G., Role of climate, stand dynamics and past management in forest declines: review of ten years of field ecology in France, in: Huettl R.F., Mueller-Dombois D. (Eds.), Forest Decline in the Atlantic and Pacific regions, Springer Verlag, New-York, 1993, pp. 18-39.
  61. LeBlanc D.C., Interactive effects of acidic deposition, drought, and insect attack on oak populations in the midwestern United States, Can. J. Forest Res. 28 (1998) 1184-1197.
  62. Liiri M., Setala H., Haimi J., Pennanen T., Fritze H., Relationship between soil microarthropod species diversity and plant growth does not change when the system is disturbed, Oikos 96 (2002) 137-149 [CrossRef].
  63. Lindberg N., Engtsson J.B., Persson T., Effects of experimental irrigation and drought on the composition and diversity of soil fauna in a coniferous stand, J. Appl. Ecol. 39 (2002) 924-936 [CrossRef].
  64. Lindner M., Bugmann H., Lasch P., Flechsig M., Cramer W., Regional impacts of climatic change on forests in the state of Brandenburg, Germany, Agric. For. Meteorol. 84 (1997) 123-135 [CrossRef].
  65. Lloret F., Pausas J., Vilà M., Responses of Mediterranean plant species to different fire frequencies in Garraf Natural Park (Catalonia, Spain): field observations and modeling predictions, Plant Ecol. 167 (2003) 223-235 [CrossRef].
  66. Lloret F., Peñuelas J., Estiarte M., Experimental evidence of reduced diversity of seedlings due to climate modification in a Mediterranean-type community, Glob. Change Biol. 10 (2004) 248-258 [CrossRef].
  67. MacGillivray C.W., Grime J.P., Band S.R., Booth R., Campbell B., Hendry G., Hillier S., Hodgson J., Hunt R., Jalili A., Mackey J., Mowforth M., Neal A., Reader R., Rorison I., Spencer R., Thompson K., Thorpe P.C., Testing predictions of the resistance and resilience of vegetation subjected to extreme events, Funct. Ecol. 9 (1995) 640-649.
  68. Mattson W.J. Jr., Haack R.A., The role of drought in outbreaks of plant-eating insects, Bioscience 37 (1987) 110-118.
  69. McArthur A.J., Thermal interaction between animal and microclimate: a comprehensive model, J. Theor. Biol. 126 (1987) 203-238 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  70. McCann K.S., The diversity-stability debate, Nature 405 (2000) 228-233 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  71. Morecroft M.D., Bealey C.E., Howells E., Rennie S., Woiwod I.P., Effects of drought on contrasting insect and plant species in the UK in the mid-1990s, Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 11 (2002) 7-22 [CrossRef].
  72. Morecroft M.D., Masters G.J., Brown V.K., Clarke I.P., Taylor M.E., Whitehouse A.T., Changing precipitation patterns alter plant community dynamics and succession in an ex-arable grassland, Funct. Ecol. 18 (2004) 648-655 [CrossRef].
  73. Mulder C.P.H., Uliassi D.D., Doak D.F., Physical stress and diversity-productivity relationships: the role of positive interactions, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98 (2001) 6704-6708 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  74. Nomura M., Ishikawa Y., Dynamic changes in cold hardiness, high-temperature tolerance and trehalose content in the onion maggot, Delia antiqua (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), associated with the summer and winter diapause, Appl. Entomol. Zool. 36 (2001) 443-449 [CrossRef].
  75. Okland R.H., Eilertsen O., Dynamics of understory vegetation in an old-growth boreal coniferous forest, 1988-1993, J. Veg. Sci. 7 (1996) 747-762.
  76. Orwig D.A., Abrams M.D., Variation in radial growth responses to drought among species, site, and canopy strata, Trees 11 (1997) 474-484 [CrossRef].
  77. Parmesan C., Root T., Willig M., Impacts of extreme weather and climate on terrestrial biota, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 81 (2000) 443-450 [CrossRef].
  78. Pedersen B.S., The role of stress in the mortality of midwestern oaks as indicated by growth prior to death, Ecology 79 (1998) 79-93.
  79. Peterken G.F., Mountford E.P., Effects of drought on beech in Lady Park Wood, an unmanaged mixed deciduous woodland, Forestry 69 (1996) 125-136 [CrossRef].
  80. Petraitis P.S., Latham R.E., Neisenbaum R.A., The maintenance of species diversity by disturbance, Q. Rev. Biol. 64 (1989) 393-418 [CrossRef].
  81. Peuke A.D., Schraml C., Hartung W., Rennenberg H., Identification of drought-sensitive beech ecotypes by physiological parameters, New Phytol. 154 (2002) 373-387 [CrossRef].
  82. Pflug A., Wolters V., Rusek J., Influence of drought and litter age on Collembola communities, Eur. J. Soil Biol. 37 (2001) 305-308 [CrossRef].
  83. Piper J.K., Composition of prairie plant communities on productive versus unproductive sites in wet and dry years, Can. J. Bot. 73 (1995) 1635-1643.
  84. Pollard E., Greatorex-Davies J.N., Thomas J.A., Drought reduces breeding success of the butterfly Aglais urticae, Ecol. Entomol. 22 (1997) 315-318 [CrossRef].
  85. Root T.L., Price J.T., Hall K.R., Schneider S.H., Rosenzweig C., Pounds J.A., Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants, Nature 421 (2003) 57-60 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  86. Rouault G., Candau J.-N., Lieutier F., Nageleisen L.-M., Martin J.-C., Warzee N., Effects of drought and heat on forest insect populations in relation to the 2003 drought in Western Europe, Ann. For. Sci. 63 (2006) 611-622.
  87. Ross A.L., Foster B.L., Loving G.S., Contrasting effects of plant neighbours on invading Ulmus rubra seedlings in a successional grassland, Ecoscience 10 (2003) 525-531.
  88. Roy D.B., Rothery P., Moss D., Pollard E., Thomas J.A., Butterfly numbers and weather: predicting historical trends in abundance and the future effects of climate change, J. Anim. Ecol. 70 (2001) 201-217 [CrossRef].
  89. Schelhaas M.J., Nabuurs G.J., Schuck A., Natural disturbances in the European forests in the 19th and 20th centuries, Glob. Change Biol. 9 (2003) 1620-1633 [CrossRef].
  90. Schoeneweiss D.F., Water stress predisposition to disease - an overview, Cambridge University Press, University of Lancaster, 1986.
  91. Shi L.B., Guttenberger M., Kottke I., Hampp R., The effect of drought on mycorrhizas of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.): changes in community structure, and the content of carbohydrates and nitrogen storage bodies of the fungi, Mycorrhiza 12 (2002) 303-311 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  92. Stefanescu C., Peñuelas J., Filella I., Effects of climatic change on the phenology of butterflies in the northwest Mediterranean Basin, Glob. Change Biol. 9 (2003) 1494-1506 [CrossRef].
  93. Stokland J.N., Tomter S.M., Söderberg U., Development of dead wood indicators for biodiversity monitoring: experiences from Scandinavia, in: Marchetti M. (Ed.), Monitoring and indicators of forest biodiversity in Europe - From Ideas to operationality, EFI proceedings No. 51, Florence, 2004, pp. 207-226.
  94. Suffling R., Can disturbance determine vegetation distribution during climate warming? A boreal test, J. Biogeogr. 22 (1995) 501-508.
  95. Stampfli A., Zeiter M., Plant regeneration directs changes in grassland composition after extreme drought: a 13-year study in southern Switzerland, J. Ecol. 92 (2004) 568-576 [CrossRef].
  96. Svenning J.-C., Deterministic Plio-Pleistocene extinctions in the European cool-temperate tree flora, Ecol. Lett. 6 (2003) 646-653 [CrossRef].
  97. Swaty R.L., Deckert R.J., Whitham T.G., Gehring C.A., Ectomycorrhizal abundance and community composition shifts with drought: predictions from tree rings, Ecology 85 (2004) 1072-1084.
  98. Thomas F.M., Blank R., Hartmann G., Abiotic and biotic factors and their interactions as causes of oak decline in Central Europe, For. Pathol. 32 (2002) 277-307.
  99. Thomas J.A., Moss D., Pollard E., Increased fluctuations of butterflies populations towards the northern edges of species' ranges, Ecography 17 (1994) 215-220.
  100. Thomas S.C., Halpern C.B., Falk D.A., Liguori D.A., Austin K.A., Plant diversity in managed forests: understory responses to thinning and fertilization, Ecol. Appl. 9 (1999) 864-879.
  101. Thompson I.D., Flannigan M.D., Wotton B.M., Suffling R., The effects of climate change on landscape diversity: an example in Ontario forests, Environ. Monit. Assess. 49 (1998) 213-233 [CrossRef].
  102. Thuiller W., Vayreda J., Pino J., Sabate S., Lavorel S., Gracia C., Large-scale environmental correlates of forest tree distributions in Catalonia (NE Spain), Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 12 (2003) 313-325 [CrossRef].
  103. Tilman D., El Haddi A., Drought and biodiversity in grasslands, Oecologia 89 (1992) 257-264.
  104. Turner M.G., Dale V.H., Comparing large, infrequent disturbances: what have we learned? Ecosystems 1 (1998) 493-496 [CrossRef].
  105. Vallauri D., André J., Blondel J., Le bois mort, une lacune des forêts gérées, Rev. For. Fr. 55 (2003) 3-16.
  106. Van Tol G., van Dobben H.F., Schmidt P., Klap J.M., Biodiversity of Dutch forest ecosystems as affected by receding groundwater levels and atmospheric deposition, Biodivers. Conserv. 7 (1998) 221-228 [CrossRef].
  107. Vygodskaya N.N., Schulze E.D., Tchebakova N.M., Karpachevskii L.O., Kozlov D., Sidorov K.N., Panfyorov M.I., Abrazko M.A., Shaposhnikov E.S., Solnzeva O.N., Minaeva T.Y., Jeltuchin A.S., Wirth C., Pugachevskii A.V., Climatic control of stand thinning in unmanaged spruce forests of the southern taiga in European Russia, Tellus B 54 (2002) 443-461 [CrossRef].
  108. Walther G.R., Post E., Convey P., Menzel A., Parmesan C., Beebee T.J.C., Fromentin J.M., Hoegh-Guldberg O., Bairlein F., Ecological responses to recent climate change, Nature 416 (2002) 389-395 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
  109. Wardle D.A., Bonner K.I., Barker G.M., Stability of ecosystem properties in response to above-ground functional group richness and composition, Oikos 89 (2000) 11-23 [CrossRef].
  110. Wohlgemuth T., Bürgi M., Scheidegger C., Schütz M., Dominance reduction of species through disturbance - a proposed management principle for central European forests, Forest Ecol. Manage. 166 (2002) 1-15.
  111. Yarnes C., Boecklen W., Abiotic factors promote plant heterogeneity and influence herbivore performance and mortality in Gambel's oak (Quercus gambelii), Entomol. Exp. Appl. 114 (2005) 87-95 [CrossRef].
  112. Yordanov I., Velikova V., Tsonev T., Plant Responses to drought, acclimation, and stress tolerance, Photosynthetica 38 (2000) 171-186 [CrossRef].
  113. Zhu-Dong L., Pei-Yu G., Kun-Jun W., Dian-Mo L., Effects of parental exposure to high temperature on offspring performance in the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): adaptive significance of the summer diapause, Appl. Entomol. Zool. 39 (2004) 373-379 [CrossRef].