Free access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 65, Number 3, May 2008
Article Number 311
Number of page(s) 15
Published online 17 April 2008
References of  Ann. For. Sci. 65 (2008) 311
  1. Ackerly D., Functional strategies of chaparral shrubs in relation to seasonal water deficit and disturbance, Ecol. Monogr. 74 (2004) 25-44 [CrossRef].
  2. Antúnez I., Retamosa E.C., Villar R., Relative growth rate in phylogenetically related deciduous and evergreen woody species, Oecologia 128 (2001) 172-180 [CrossRef].
  3. Aschman H., Distribution and peculiarity of Mediterranean ecosystems, in: di Castri F., Mooney H.A. (Eds.), Mediterranean type ecosystems: origin and structure, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1973, pp. 11-19.
  4. Broncano M.J., Riba M., Retana J., Seed germination and seedling performance of two Mediterranean tree species, holm oak (Quercus ilex) and Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis): a multifactor experimental approach, Plant Ecol. 1 (1998) 17-26 [CrossRef].
  5. Canham C.D., Berkowitz A.R., Kelly V.R., Lovett G.M., Ollinger S.V., Schnurr J., Biomass allocation and multiple resource limitation in tree seedlings, Can. J. For. Res. 26 (1996) 1521-1530 [CrossRef].
  6. Castro J., Zamora R., Hódar J.A., Gómez J.M., Seedling establishment of a boreal tree species (Pinus sylvestris) at its southernmost distribution limit: consequences of being in a marginal, Mediterranean habitat, J. Ecol. 92 (2004) 266-277 [CrossRef].
  7. Castro-Diez P., Navarro J., Pintado A., Sancho L.G., Maestro M., Interactive effects of shade and irrigation on the performance of seedlings of three Mediterranean Quercus species, Tree Physiol. 26 (2006) 389-400 [PubMed] [CrossRef].
  8. Catalán Bachiller G., Semillas de árboles y arbustos forestales, ICONA, Madrid, 1993.
  9. Chapin F.S., Autumn K., Pugnaire F.I., Evolution of suites of traits in response to environmental-stress, Am. Nat. 142S (1993) S78-S92.
  10. Cochard H., Lemoine D., Dreyer E., The effects of acclimation to sunlight on the xylem vulnerability to embolism in Fagus sylvatica L., Plant Cell Environ. 22 (1999) 101-108 [CrossRef].
  11. Coomes D.A., Grubb P.J., Impacts of root competition in forests and woodlands: A theoretical framework and review of experiments, Ecol. Monogr. 70 (2000) 171-207 [CrossRef].
  12. Coomes D.A., Grubb P.J., Colonization, tolerance, competition and seed-size variation within functional groups, Trends Ecol. Evol. 18 (2003) 283-291 [CrossRef].
  13. Cornelissen J.H.C., Castro Diez P., Hunt R., Seedling growth, allocation and leaf attributes in a wide range of woody plant species and types, J. Ecol. 84 (1996) 755-765 [CrossRef].
  14. Deka R.N., Wairiu M., Mtakwa P.W., Mullins C.E., Veenendaal E.M., Townend J., Use and accuracy of the filter-paper technique for measurement of soil matric potential, Eur. J. Soil Sci. 46 (1995) 233-238 [CrossRef].
  15. Givnish T.J., Adaptation to sun and shade: a whole-plant perspective, Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 15 (1988) 63-92 [CrossRef].
  16. Gómez J.M., Valladares F., Puerta-Piñero C., Differences between structural and functional heterogeneity caused by seed dispersal, Funct. Ecol. 18 (2004) 787-792 [CrossRef].
  17. Gratani L., Canopy structure, vertical radiation profile and photosynthetic function in a Quercus ilex evergreen forest, Photosynthetica 33 (1997) 139-149 [CrossRef].
  18. Grime J.P., Plant strategies, vegetation processes, and ecosystem properties, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, GB, 2001.
  19. Grubb P.J., The maintenance of species-richness in plant communities: the importance of the regeneration niche, Biol. Rev. 52 (1977) 107-145 [CrossRef].
  20. Grubb P.J., Metcalfe D.J., Adaptation and inertia in the Australian tropical lowland rain-forest flora: contradictory trends in intergeneric and intrageneric comparisons of seed size in relation to light demand, Funt. Ecol. 10 (1996) 512-520 [CrossRef].
  21. Hewitt N., Seed size and shade-tolerance: a comparative analysis of North American temperate trees, Oecologia 114 (1998) 432-440 [CrossRef].
  22. Instituto-Nacional-de-Meteorología, Calendario meteorológico 2002, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Madrid, 2002.
  23. Kawecki T.J., The evolution of genetic canalization under fluctuating selection, Evolution 54 (2000) 1-12 [PubMed].
  24. Kitajima K., Relative importance of photosynthetic traits and allocation patterns as correlates of seedling shade tolerance of 13 tropical trees, Oecologia 98 (1994) 419-428 [CrossRef].
  25. Kobe R.K., Pacala S.W., Silander J.A.J., Juvenile tree survivorship as a component of shade tolerance, Ecol. Appl. 5 (1995) 517-532 [CrossRef].
  26. Ludlow M.M., Strategies of response to water stress, in: Kreeb K.H., Richter H., Hinckley T.M. (Eds.), Structural and functional responses to environmental stresses, SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, 1989, pp. 269-281.
  27. Niinemets Ü, The controversy over traits conferring shade-tolerance in trees: ontogenetic changes revisited, J. Ecol. 94 (2006) 464-470.
  28. Pigott C.D., Pigott S., Water as a determinant of the distribution of trees at the boundary of the Mediterranean zone, J. Ecol. 81 (1993) 557-566 [CrossRef].
  29. Poorter L., Light-dependent changes in biomass allocation and their importance for growth of rain forest tree species, Funct. Ecol. 15 (2001) 113-123 [CrossRef].
  30. Reich P.B., Walters M.B., Ellsworth D.S., Leaf life-span in relation to leaf, plant, and stand characteristics among diverse ecosystems, Ecol. Monogr. 62 (1992) 365-392 [CrossRef].
  31. Reich P.B., Wright I.J., Cavender-Bares J., Craine M., Oleksyn J., Westoby M., Walters M.B., The evolution of plant functional variation: traits, spectra and strategies, Int. J. Plant Sci. 164 (2003) S143-S164 [CrossRef].
  32. Rickleffs R.E., Environmental heterogeneity and plant species diversity: A hypothesis, Am. Nat. 111 (1977) 376-381 [CrossRef].
  33. Sack L., Grubb P.J., The combined impacts of deep shade and drought on the growth and biomass allocation of shade-tolerant woody seedlings, Oecologia 131 (2002) 175-185 [CrossRef].
  34. Sack L., Grubb P.J., Marañón T., The functional morphology of juvenile plants tolerant of strong summer drought in shaded forest understories in southern Spain, Plant Ecol. 168 (2003) 139-163 [CrossRef].
  35. Sánchez-Gómez D., Valladares F., Zavala M.A., Functional traits and plasticity in response to light in seedlings of four Iberian forest tree species, Tree Physiol. 26 (2006) 1425-1433 [PubMed].
  36. Sánchez-Gómez D., Valladares F., Zavala M.A., Performance of seedlings of Mediterranean woody species under experimental gradients of irradiance and water availability: trade-offs and evidence for niche differentiation, New Phytol. 170 (2006) 795-806 [PubMed] [CrossRef].
  37. Smith T., Huston M., A theory of the spatial and temporal dynamics of plant communities, Vegetatio 83 (1989) 49-69 [CrossRef].
  38. Sultan S.E., What has survived of Darwin's theory? Phenotypic plasticity and the Neo-Darwinian legacy, Evol.Trend Plant 6 (1992) 61-71.
  39. Tilman D., Plant strategies and the dynamics and structure of plant communities, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA, 1988.
  40. Tilman D., Constraints and tradeoffs: toward a predictive theory of competition and succession, Oikos 58 (1990) 3-15 [CrossRef].
  41. Valladares F., Global change and radiation in Mediterranean forest ecosystems: a meeting point for ecology and management, in: Arianoutsou M., Papanastasis V. (Eds.), Ecology, conservation and sustainable managements of Mediterranean type ecosystems of the world, Millpress, Rotterdam, 2004, pp. 1-4.
  42. Valladares F., Balaguer L., Martínez-Ferri E., Pérez-Corona E., Manrique E., Plasticity, instability and canalization: is the phenotypic variation in seedlings of sclerophyll oaks consistent with the environmental unpredictability of Mediterranean ecosystems, New Phytol. 156 (2002) 457-467 [CrossRef].
  43. Valladares F., Martinez-Ferri E., Balaguer L., Perez-Corona E., Manrique E., Low leaf-level response to light and nutrients in Mediterranean evergreen oaks: a conservative resource-use strategy?, New Phytol. 148 (2000) 79-91 [CrossRef].
  44. Valladares F., Sánchez-Gómez D., Ecophysiological traits associated with drought in Mediterranean tree seedlings: Individual responses versus interspecific trends in eleven species, Plant Biol. 8 (2006) 688-697 [CrossRef].
  45. Valladares F., Sánchez-Gómez D., Zavala M.A., Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications, J. Ecol. 94 (2006) 1103-1116 [CrossRef].
  46. Valladares F., Wright S.J., Lasso E., Kitajima K., Pearcy R.W., Plastic phenotypic response to light of 16 congeneric shrubs from a Panamanian rainforest, Ecology 81 (2000) 1925-1936 [CrossRef].
  47. Veneklaas E.J., Poorter L., Growth and carbon partitioning of tropical tree seedlings in contrasting light environments, in: Lambers H., Poorter H., Van Vuuren M.M.I. (Eds.), Inherent variation in plant growth: physiological mechanisms and ecological consequences, Backhuys, Leiden, NL, 1998, pp. 337-361.
  48. Walters M.B., Reich P.B., Low-light carbon balance and shade tolerance in the seedlings of woody plants: do winter deciduous and broad-leaved evergreen species differ?, New Phytol. 143 (1999) 143-154 [CrossRef].
  49. West-Eberhard M.J., Phenotypic plasticity and the origins of diversity, Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 20 (1989) 249-278 [CrossRef].
  50. Zar J.H., Biostatistical analysis, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1999.
  51. Zavala M.A., Bravo de la Parra R., A mechanistic model of tree competition and facilitation for Mediterranean forests: Scaling from leaf physiology to stand dynamics, Ecol. Model. 188 (2005) 76-92 [CrossRef].
  52. Zavala M.A., Espelta J.M., Retana J., Constraints and trade-offs in Mediterranean plant communities: the case of Holm oak-Aleppo pine forests, Bot. Rev. 66 (2000) 119-149 [CrossRef].
  53. Zavala M.A., Zea G.E., Mechanisms maintaining biodiversity in Mediterranean pine-oak forests: insights from a spatial simulation model, Plant Ecol. 171 (2004) 197-207 [CrossRef].