Free access
Issue
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 58, Number 8, December 2001
Page(s) 877 - 891
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/forest:2001171

References

1
Augspurger C.K., Seedling survival of tropical tree species: interactions of dispersal distance, light-gaps, and pathogens, Ecology 65 (1984) 1705-1712.
2
Bardon R.E., Countryman D.W., Hall R.B., A reassessment of using light-sensitive diazo paper for measuring integrated light in the field, Ecology 76 (1995) 1013-1016.
3
Barigah T.S., Imbert P., Huc R., Croissance et assimilation nette foliaire de jeunes plants de dix arbres de la forêt guyanaise, cultivés à cinq niveaux d'éclairement, Ann. Sci. For. 55 (1998) 681-706.
4
Brunner A., A light model for spatially explicit forest stand models, For. Ecol. Manag. 107 (1998) 19-46.
5
Burslem D.F.R.P., Grubb P.J., Turner I.M., Responses to simulated drought and elevated nutrient supply among shade-tolerant tree seedlings of lowland tropical forest in Singapore, Biotropica 28 (1996) 636-648.
6
Chason J.W., Baldocchi D.D., Huston M.A., A comparison of direct and indirect methods for estimating forest canopy leaf area, Agric. For. Meteorol. 57 (1991) 107-128.
7
Chazdon R.L., Sunflecks and their importance to forest understory plants, Adv. Ecol. Res. 18 (1988) 1-63.
8
Chazdon R.L., Fetcher N., Photosynthetic light environments in a lowland tropical rainforest in Costa Rica, J. Ecol. 72 (1984) 553-564.
9
Chen J.M., Black T.A., Adams R.S., Evaluation of hemispherical photography for determining plant area index and geometry of a forest stand, Agric. For. Meteorol. 56 (1991) 129-143.
10
Chen S.G., Ceulemans R., Impens I., A fractal-based Populus canopy structure model for the calculation of light interception, For. Ecol. Manag. 69 (1994) 97-110.
11
Clark D.B., Clark D.A., The impact of physical damage on canopy tree regeneration in tropical rain forest, J. Ecol. 79 (1991) 447-458.
12
Comeau P.G., Gendron F., Letchford T., A comparison of several methods for estimating light under a paper birch mixedwood stand, Can. J. For. Res. 28 (1998) 1843-1850.
13
Cournac L., Dubois M.A., Chave J., Riéra B., Fast determination of light availability and leaf area index in tropical forests, J. Trop. Ecol., in press.
14
Cutini A., Matteucci G., Scarascia-Mugnozza G., Estimation of leaf area index with the Li-Cor LAI 2000 in deciduous forests, For. Ecol. Manag. 105 (1998) 55-65.
15
Denslow J.S., Gap partitioning among tropical rainforest trees, Biotropica 12 (1980) 47-55.
16
Dufrêne É., Bréda N., Estimation of deciduous forest leaf area index using direct and indirect methods, Oecologia 104 (1995) 156-162.
17
Engelbrecht B.M.J., Herz H.M., Evaluation of different methods to estimate understorey light conditions in tropical forests, J. Trop. Ecol. 17 (2001) 207-224.
18
Fassnacht K.S., Gower S.T., Norman J.M., McMurtrie R.E., A comparison of optical and direct methods for estimating foliage surface area index in forests, Agric. For. Meteorol. 71 (1994) 183-207.
19
Friend D.T.C., A simple method of measuring integrated light values in the field, Ecology 42 (1961) 577-580.
20
Gourlet-Fleury S., Modélisation individuelle spatialement explicite de la dynamique d'un peuplement de forêt dense tropicale humide (dispositif de Paracou - Guyane française). Thèse de doctorat, Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 1997.
21
Gourlet-Fleury S., Indices de compétition en forêt dense tropicale humide : étude de cas sur le dispositif sylvicole expérimental de Paracou (Guyane française), Ann. Sci. For. 55 (1998) 623-654.
22
Grubb P.J., The maintenance of species richness in plant communities: The importance of the regeneration niche, Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 52 (1977) 107-145.
23
Herbert D.A., Fownes J.H., Effects of leaf aggregation in a broad-leaf canopy on estimates of leaf area index by the gap-fraction method, For. Ecol. Manag. 97 (1997) 277-282.
24
Howe H.F., Survival and growth of juvenile Virola surinamensis in Panama: effects of herbivory and canopy closure, J. Trop. Ecol. 6 (1990) 259-280.
25
Kennedy D.N., Swaine M.D., Germination and growth of colonizing species in artificial gaps of different sizes in dipterocarp rain forest, Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. London Ser. B Biol. Sci. 335 (1992) 357-366.
26
Koop H., Sterck F.J., Light penetration through structurally complex forest canopies: an example of a lowland tropical rainforest, For. Ecol. Manag. 69 (1994) 111-122.
27
Lemon P.E., A new instrument for measuring forest overstory density, J. For. 55 (1957) 667-668.
28
Li-Cor, LAI-2000 Plant Canopy Analyzer, Operating manual, Li-Cor, Lincoln, NE, 1990.
29
Van der Meer P.J., Bongers F., Formation and closure of canopy gaps in the rain forest at Nouragues, French Guiana, Vegetatio 126 (1996) 167-179.
30
Molofsky J., Augspurger C.K., The effect of leaf litter on early seedling establishment in a tropical forest, Ecology 73 (1992) 68-77.
31
Myers G.P., Newton A.C., Melgarejo O., The influence of canopy gap size on natural regeneration of brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) in Bolivia, For. Ecol. Manag. 127 (2000) 119-128.
32
Nicotra A.B., Chazdon R.L., Iriarte S.V.B., Spatial heterogeneity of light and woody seedling regeneration in tropical wet forests, Ecology 80 (1999) 1908-1926.
33
Osunkoya O.O., Ash J.E., Graham A.W., Hopkins M.S., Growth of tree seedlings in tropical rain forests of North Queensland, Australia, J. Trop. Ecol. 9 (1993) 9-18.
34
Pinard M.A., Barker M.G., Tay J., Soil disturbance and post-logging forest recovery on bulldozer paths in Sabah, Malaysia, For. Ecol. Manag. 130 (2000) 213-225.
35
Planchais I., Pontailler J.Y., Validity of leaf areas and angles estimated in a beech forest from analysis of gap frequencies, using hemispherical photographs and a plant canopy analyzer, Ann. For. Sci. 56 (1999) 1-10.
36
Poorter L., Growth responses of 15 rain-forest tree species to a light gradient: the relative importance of morphological and physiological traits, Funct. Ecol. 13 (1999) 396-410.
37
Rich P.M., A Manual for Analysis of Hemispherical Canopy Photography. Tech. Rep. LA-11733-M, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, 1989.
38
Schmitt L., Bariteau M., Gestion de l'écosystème forestier guyanais - Étude de la croissance et de la régénération naturelle - Dispositif de Paracou, Bois For. Trop. 220 (1990) 3-23.
39
Schupp E.W., Seed and early seedling predation in the forest understory and in treefall gaps, Oikos 51 (1988) 71-78.
40
Silbernagel J., Moeur M., Modeling canopy openness and understory gap patterns based on image analysis and mapped tree data, For. Ecol. Manag. 149 (2001) 217-233.
41
Smith A.P., Hogan K.P., Idol J.R., Spatial and temporal patterns of light and canopy structure in a lowland tropical moist forest, Biotropica 24 (1992) 503-511.
42
Veenendaal E.M., Swaine M.D., Agyeman V.K., Blay D., Abebrese I.K., Mullins C.E., Differences in plant and soil water relations in and around a forest gap in West Africa during the dry season may influence seedling establishment and survival, J. Ecol. 84 (1996) 83-90.
43
Veenendaal E.M., Swaine M.D., Lecha R.T., Falsch M.F., Abrebrese I.K., Owusu-Afriyie K., Responses of West African forest tree seedlings to irradiance and soil fertility, Funct. Ecol. 10 (1996) 501-511.
44
Vester H.F.M., Oldeman R.A.A., Light dynamics in the forest, in: Vester H.F.M. (Ed.), The Trees and the Forest. The Role of Tree Architecture in Canopy Development; a Case Study in Secondary Forests (Araracuara, Colombia), Ponsen and Looijen B.V., Wageningen, 1997, pp. 101-124.
45
Walter J.M.N., CIMES: A Package of Programs for the Assessment of Canopy Geometry and Transmission of Solar Radiation by Hemispherical Photographs. Part I: Canopy Geometry. Tech. Rep., Université Louis Pasteur - Strasbourg 1, 1999.
46
Welles J.M., Norman J.M., Instrument for indirect measurement of canopy architecture, Agron. J. 83 (1991) 818-825.
47
West P.W., Wells K.F., Method of application of a model to predict the light environment of individual tree crowns and its use in a eucalypt forest, Ecol. Model. 60 (1992) 199-231.
48
Whitman A.A., Brokaw N.V.L., Hagan J.M., Forest damage caused by selection logging of mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) in northern Belize, For. Ecol. Manag. 92 (1997) 87-96.
49
Whitmore T.C., A review of some aspects of tropical rain forest seedling ecology with suggestions for further enquiry, in: Swaine M.D. (Ed.), The Ecology of Tropical Forest Tree Seedlings, Man and the Biosphere Series, Vol. 17, Parthenon Publishing, Paris, 1996, pp. 3-39.
50
Whitmore T.C., Brown N.D., Swaine M.D., Kennedy D., Goodwin-Bailey C.I., Gong W.K., Use of hemispherical photographs in forest ecology: Measurement of gap size and radiation totals in a Bornean tropical rain forest, J. Trop. Ecol. 9 (1993) 131-151.

Abstract

Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences