Free access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 62, Number 3, April-May 2005
Page(s) 261 - 267
References of Ann. For. Sci. 62 261-267
  1. Alfaro R.I., Van Sickle G.A., Thomson A.J., Wegwitz E., Tree mortality and radial growth losses caused by the western spruce budworm in a Douglas-fir stand in British Columbia, Can. J. For. Res. 12 (1982) 780-787.
  2. Archambault L., Beaulieu J., Réduction de croissance en volume occasionnée au sapin baumier, suite à la défoliation par la tordeuse des bourgeons de l'épinette, For. Chron. 61 (1985) 10-13.
  3. Baskerville G., Kleinschmidt S., A dynamic model of growth in defoliated fir stands, Can. J. For. Res. 11 (1981) 206-214.
  4. Beaulieu J., Hardy Y.J., Mortalité du sapin baumier défolié par la tordeuse des bourgeons de l'épinette dans la région de la Gatineau au Québec, For. Chron. 58 (1982) 213-221.
  5. Belyea, R.M., Death and deterioration of balsam fir weakened by spruce budworm defoliation in Ontario. Part II. An assessment of the role of associated insect species in the death of severely weakened trees, J. For. 50 (1952) 729-738.
  6. Bergeron Y., Leduc A., Morin H., Joyal C., Balsam fir mortality following the last spruce budworm outbreak in northwestern Quebec, Can. J. For. Res. 25 (1995) 1375-1384.
  7. Blais J.R., Effects of defoliation by spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana Clem.) on radial growth at breast height of balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) and white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss.), For. Chron. 34 (1958) 39-47.
  8. Blais J.R., Trends in the frequency, extent, and severity of spruce budworm outbreaks in eastern Canada, Can. J. For. Res. 13 (1983) 539-547.
  9. Boulanger Y., Arseneault D., Spruce budworm outbreaks in eastern Quebec over the last 450 years, Can. J. For. Res. 34 (2004) 1035-1043.
  10. Carmean W.H., Site index curves for upland oaks in the central states, For. Sci. 18 (1972) 102-120.
  11. Dobesberger E.J., Stochastic simulation of growth loss in thinned balsam fir stands defoliated by the spruce budworm in Newfoundland, Can. J. For. Res. 28 (1998) 703-710.
  12. Erdle T.A., MacLean D.A., Stand growth model calibration for use in forest pest impact assessment, For. Chron. 75 (1999) 141-152.
  13. Fritts H.C., Tree rings and climate, Academic Press, New York, 1976.
  14. Gray D.R., Régnière J., Boulet B., Analysis and use of historical patterns of spruce budworm defoliation to forecast outbreak patterns in Quebec, For. Ecol. Manage. 127 (2000) 217-231.
  15. Holmes R.L., Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement, Tree-ring Bull. 44 (1983) 69-75.
  16. Husch B., Miller C.I., Beers T.W., Forest mensuration, 3rd ed., Krieger Publishing Company, Melbourne, USA, 1993.
  17. Krause C., Morin H., Changes in radial increment in stems and roots of balsam fir [Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.] after defoliation by spruce budworm, For. Chron. 71 (1995) 747-754.
  18. MacLean D.A., Vulnerability of fir-spruce stands during uncontrolled spruce budworm outbreaks: a review and discussion, For. Chron. 56 (1980) 213-221.
  19. MacLean D.A., Effects of spruce budworm outbreaks on the productivity and stability of balsam fir forests, For. Chron. 60 (1984) 273-279.
  20. MacLean D.A., Hunt, T.L., Eveleigh E.S., Morgan M.G., The relation of balsam fir volume increment to cumulative spruce budworm defoliation, For. Chron. 72 (1996) 533-540.
  21. MacLean D.A., Piene H., Spatial and temporal patterns of balsam fir mortality in spaced and unspaced stands caused by spruce budworm defoliation, Can. J. For. Res. 25 (1995) 902-911.
  22. MacLean D.A., Erdle T.A., MacKinnon W.E., Porter K.B., Beaton K.P., Cormier G., Morehouse S., Budd M., The spruce budworm decision support system: forest protection planning to sustain long-term wood supply, Can. J. For. Res. 31 (2001) 1742-1757 [CrossRef].
  23. Mason R.R., Wickman B.E., Paul H.G., Radial growth response of Douglas-fir and grand fir to larval densities of the Douglas-fir tussock moth and the western spruce budworm, For. Sci. 43 (1997) 197-205.
  24. Morin H., Analyse dendroécologique d'une sapinière issue d'un chablis dans la zone boréale, Québec, Can. J. For. Res. 20 (1990) 1753-1758.
  25. Morin H., Laprise D., Bergeron Y., Chronology of spruce budworm outbreaks near Lake Duparquet, Abitibi region, Quebec, Can. J. For. Res. 23 (1993) 1497-1506.
  26. Needham T., Kershaw J.A. Jr., MacLean D.A., Su Q., Effects of mixed stand management to reduce impacts of spruce budworm defoliation on balsam fir stand-level growth and yield, North. J. Appl. For. 16 (1999) 19-24.
  27. Ostaff D.P., MacLean D.A., Patterns of balsam fir foliar production and growth in relation to defoliation by spruce budworm, Can. J. For. Res. 25 (1995) 1128-1136.
  28. Piene H., Spruce budworm defoliation and growth loss in young balsam fir: defoliation in spaced and unspaced stands and individual tree survival, Can. J. For. Res. 19 (1989) 1211-1217.
  29. Steinman J.R., MacLean D.A., Predicting effects of defoliation on spruce-fir stand development: a management-oriented growth and yield model, For. Ecol. Manage. 69 (1994) 283-298.
  30. Su Q., MacLean D., Needham T.D., The influence of hardwood content on balsam fir defoliation by spruce budworm, Can. J. For. Res. 26 (1996) 1620-1628.