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Table I

Successional status and bark roughness of a selection of tree species from boreal and temperate forests.

Tree species Successional status Bark roughness (adult trees)
Betula papyrifera Marsh. Pioneer Furrowed/fissured
Betula pendula Roth. Pioneer Furrowed/fissured
Betula sp. Pioneer
Populus grandidentata Michaux Pioneer Furrowed/fissured
Populus sp. Pioneer

Acer platanoides L. Post-Pioneer
Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. Post-Pioneer Scaly
Carpinus betulus L. Post-Pioneer
Larix cajanderi Mayr. Post-Pioneer Furrowed/fissured
Larix decidua L. Post-Pioneer Scaly
Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch Post-Pioneer Furrowed/fissured
Larix x eurolepis Henry Post-Pioneer Scaly
Pinus contorta Dougl. Ex Loud. var. murrayana (Balf.) Engelm. Post-Pioneer
Pinus nigra Arn. Post-Pioneer Scaly
Pinus nigra Arn. var. laricio Post-Pioneer
Pinus resinosa Ait. Post-Pioneer Scaly
Pinus strobus L. Post-Pioneer Furrowed/fissured
Pinus sylvestris L. Post-Pioneer Scaly
Pinus taeda L. Post-Pioneer
Quercus petraea (Matt.) Lieb. Post-Pioneer Scaly
Quercus robur L. Post-Pioneer
Quercus rubra L. Post-Pioneer Furrowed/fissured
Tilia cordata Mill. Post-Pioneer

Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. Late-successional Furrowed/fissured
Abies grandis (Dougl.) Lindl. Late-successional Furrowed/fissured
Acer saccharum Marsh. Late-successional Furrowed/fissured
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (Murr.) Parl. Late-successional Furrowed/fissured
Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. Late-successional smooth
Fagus sylvatica L. Late-successional smooth
Nothofagus obliqua (Mirb.) Blume Late-successional
Picea abies (L.) Karst Late-successional Scaly
Picea glauca (Moench) Voss Late-successional Scaly
Picea mariana (Mill.) B. S. P. Late-successional
Picea omorika (Pancic) Purkyné Late-successional Scaly
Picea rubens Sarg. Late-successional Scaly
Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr Late-successional Furrowed/fissured
Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb) Franco Late-successional Scaly
Thuja occidentalis L. Late-successional Scaly
Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don Late-successional Scaly
Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr. Late-successional Furrowed/fissured
Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. Late-successional Furrowed/fissured