Free Access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 60, Number 2, March 2003
Page(s) 131 - 135


  1. Adams W.W.III., Demming-Adams B., Carotenoid composition and down regulation of photosystem II in three conifer species during the winter, Physiol. Plant. 92 (1994) 451-458.
  2. Aranda I., Bergasa L.F., Gil L., Pardos J.-A., Effects of relative irradiance on the leaf structure of Fagus sylvatica L. seedlings planted in the understory of a Pinus sylvestris L. stand after thinning, Ann. For. Sci. 58 (2001) 673-680.
  3. Asada K., The water-water cycle in chloroplasts: Scavenging of active oxygens and dissipation of excess photons, Annu. Rev. Plant. Physiol. Plant. Mol. Biol. 50 (1999) 601-639.
  4. Bauer H., Martha P., The CO2-compensation point of C3 plants. A re-examination. I. Interspecific variability, Z. Pflanzenphysiol. 103 (1981) 445-450.
  5. Bussotti F., Gravano E., Grossoni P., Tani C., Occurrence of tannins in leaves of beech trees (Fagus sylvativa) along an ecological gradient, detected by histochemical and ultrastructural changes, New Phytol. 138 (1998) 469-479.
  6. Demmig-Adams B., Adams W.W.III., Light stress and photoprotection related to the xanthophyll cycle, in: Foyer C.H., Mullineaux P.M. (Eds.), Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1994, pp. 105-126.
  7. Demming-Adams B., Adams W.W.III., Chlorophyll and carotenoid composition in leaves of Euonymus kiatschovicus acclimated to different degrees of light stress in the field, Aust. J. Plant. Physiol. 23 (1996) 649-659.
  8. Elstner E.F., Osswald W., Mechanisms of oxygen activation during plant stress, Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 102B. (1994) 131-154.
  9. Foyer C., Oxygen metabolism and electron transport in photosynthesis, in: Scandalios G. (Ed.), Oxidative stress and the molecular biology of antioxidant defense, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, 1997, pp. 587-621.
  10. Fryer M.J., The antioxidant effects of thylakoid vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol), Plant Cell Environm. 15 (1992) 381-392.
  11. García-Plazaola J.I., Becerril J.M., Photoprorection mechanisms in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) seedlings from diverse climatic origins, Trees 14 (2000) 339-343.
  12. García-Plazaola J.I., Becerril J.M., Seasonal changes in photosynthetic pigments and antioxidants in beech (Fagus sylvatica) in a Mediterranean climate: implications for tree decline diagnosis, Aust. J. Plant. Physiol. 28 (2001) 225-232.
  13. Grams T.E.E., Kozovits A.R., Reiter I.M., Winkler J.B., Sommerkorn M., Blaschke H., Häberle K.-H., Matyssek R., Quantifying competitiveness of woody plants, Plant Biology 4 (2002) 153-158.
  14. Häberle K.-H., Werner H., Fabian P., Pretzsch H., Reiter I., Matyssek R., "Free-air" ozone fumigation of mature forest trees: a concept for validating AOT40 under stand conditions, in: Fuhrer J., Achermann B. (Eds.), Critical levels for ozone - Level II, Environmental Documentation No. 115, Swiss Agency for Environment, Forest and Landscape, Bern, Switzerland, 1999, pp. 133-137.
  15. Johnson J.D., Tognetti R., Michelozzi M., Pinzauti S., Minotta G., Borghetti M., Ecophysiological responses of Fagus sylvatica L. seedlings to changing light conditions. II. The interaction of light environment and soil fertility on seedling physiology, Physiol. Plant. 101 (1999) 124-134.
  16. Karnosky D.F., Gielen B., Ceulemans R., Schlesinger W.H., Norby R.J., Oksanen E., Matyssek R., Hendrey G.R., FACE systems for studying the impacts of greenhouse gases on forest ecosystems, in: Karnosky D.F., Ceulemans R., Scarascia-Mugnozza G.E., Innes J.L. (Eds.), The impact of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases on forest ecosystems, CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, pp. 297-324.
  17. Kranner I., Grill D., Content of low molecular weight thiols during the imbibition of pea seedlings, Physiol. Plant. 88 (1993) 557-562.
  18. Lorenz M., Müller-Edzards C., Becher G., Fischer R., Dibbern B., Forest condition in Europe: results of the 1998 crown condition survey, UN/ECE and EC Technical Report, Geneva and Brussels (1999).
  19. Luwe M., Antioxidants in the apoplast and symplast of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) leaves: seasonal variation and responses to changing ozone concentrations in the air, Plant Cell Environ. 19 (1996) 321-328.
  20. Masarovicova E., Stefancik L., Some ecophysiological features in sun and shade leaves of tall beech trees, Biologia Plantarum 32 (1990) 374-387.
  21. McMillen G.G., McClendon J.H., Dependence of photosynthetic rates on leaf density thickness in deciduous woody plants grown in sun and shade, Plant Physiol. 72 (1983) 678-674.
  22. Minotta G., Pinzauti S., Effects of light and soil fertility on growth, leaf chlorophyll content and nutrient use efficiency of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) seedlings, For. Ecol. Manage. 86 (1996) 61-71.
  23. Müller Edzards C., Erisman J.W., Vries W.D., Ten years of monitoring forest conditions in Europe. Studies on temporal development, spatial distribution and impacts of natural and anthropogenic stress factors, EN-UN/ECE Technical Report, Brussles and Geneva (1997).
  24. Noctor G., Foyer C.H., Ascorbate and glutathione: keeping active oxygen under control, Annu. Rev. Plant. Physiol. Plant. Mol. Biol. 49 (1998) 249-279.
  25. Oren R., Schulze E.D., Matyssek R., Zimmermann R., Estimating photosynthetic rate and annual carbon gain in conifers from specific leaf weight and leaf biomass, Oecologia 70 (1986) 187-193.
  26. Paludan-Müller G., Saxe H., Leverenz J.W., Response to ozone in 12 provenances of European beech (Fagus sylvatica): genotypic variation and chamber effects on photosynthesis and dry-matter partitioning, New Phytol. 144 (1999) 261-273.
  27. Pfeifhofer H.W., Evidence of chlorophyll b and lack of lutein in Neottia nidus-avis plastids, Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen 184 (1989) 55-61.
  28. Polle A., Defense against photooxidative damage in plants, in: Scandalios J.G. (Ed.), Oxidative stress and the molecular biology of antioxidant defenses, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York, 1997, pp. 623-666.
  29. Polle A., Morawe B., Seasonal changes in the antioxidative systems in foliar buds and leaves of field-grown beech trees (Fagus sylvatica L.) in a stressful climate, Botanica Acta 108 (1995) 314-320.
  30. Polle A., Morawe B., Rennenberg H., Seasonal variations of glutathione reductase and glutathione in leaves and leaf buds of beech trees (Fagus sylvatica L.), Phyton 32 (1992) 99-102.
  31. Polle A., Rennenberg H., Photooxidative stress in trees, In: Foyer C.H., Mullineaux P.M. (Eds.), Causes of photooxidative stress and amelioration of defense systems in plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1994, pp. 199-218.
  32. Pretzsch H., Kahn M., Grote R., Die-Fichten-Buchen- Mischbestände des Sonderforschungsbereiches "Wachstum oder Parasitenabwehr?" im Kranzberger Forst, Forstw. Cbl. 117 (1998) 241-257.
  33. Reich P.B., Walters M.B., Ellsworth D.S., Leaf age and season influence the relation between leaf nitrogen, leaf mass per area and photosynthesis in maple and oak trees, Plant Cell Environ. 14 (1991) 251-259.
  34. Saxe H., Physiological and biochemical tools in diagnosis of forest decline and air pollution on injury to plants, in: Wiley J., Iqbal M. (Eds.), Plant response to air pollution, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 1996, pp. 449-489.
  35. Schulze E.-D., Der CO2-Gaswechsel der Buche (Fagus sylvatica L.) in Abhängigkeit von Klimafaktoren im Freiland, Flora 159 (1970) 177-232.
  36. Schulze E.-D., Hall A.E., Stomatal responses, water loss and CO2 assimilation rates of plants in contrasting environments, in: Lange O.L., Nobel P.S., Osmond C.B., Ziegler H. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology 12B, Springer Berlin, 1982, pp. 181-230.
  37. Skärby L., Ro-Poulsen H., Wellburn F.A.M., Sheppard L.J., Impact of ozone on forest: a European perspective, New Phytol. 139 (1998) 109-122.
  38. Tausz M., Kranner I., Grill D., Simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and dehydroascorbic acid in plant materials by high-performance liquid chromatography, Phytochem. Analysis 7 (1996) 69-72.
  39. Tegischer K., Tausz M., Grill D., Wieser G., Tree-age and needle- age dependent variations of antioxidants and photoprotective pigments in spruce needles at the alpine timberline, Tree Physiol. 22 (2002) 591-596.
  40. Thayer S.S., Björkman O., Leaf xanthophyll content and composition in sun and shade determined by HPLC, Photosynthesis Res. 23 (1990) 331-343.
  41. Tongetti R., Minotta G., Pinzauti S., Michelozzi M., Borghetti M., Acclimation to changing light conditions of long-term shade-grown beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) seedlings of different geographic origins, Trees 12 (1998) 326-333.
  42. Werner H., Fabian P., Free-air fumigation of mature trees, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 9 ( 2002) 117-121.
  43. Widli B., Lütz C., Antioxidant composition of selected high alpine plant species from different altitudes, Plant Cell Environ. 19 (1996) 138-146.
  44. Wieser G., Häsler R., Götz B., Koch W., Havranek W.M., Role of climate, crown position, tree age and altitude in calculated ozone flux into needles of Picea abies and Pinus cembra: a synthesis, Environ. Pollut. 109 (2000) 415-422.
  45. Wieser G., Havranek W.M., The influence of mineral nutrition on the gas exchange of spruce, Centralblatt Ges. Forstwes. 110 (1993) 135-149.
  46. Wieser G., Tegischer K., Tausz M., Häberle K.H., Grams T.E.E., Matyssek R., Age-effects on Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) susceptibility to ozone uptake. A novel approach relating stress avoidance to defense, Tree Physiol. 22 (2002a) 583-590.
  47. Wieser G., Tegischer K., Tausz M., Häberle K.H., Grams T.E.E., Matyssek R., The role of antioxidative defense in determining ozone sensitivity of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) across tree age: Implications for the sun- and shade-crown, Phyton 42 (2002b) 245-253.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences