Free Access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 66, Number 6, September 2009
Article Number 604
Number of page(s) 10
Published online 01 September 2009
References of  Ann. For. Sci. 66 (2009) 604
  1. Alhasani M.A., 1999. Growth stresses in Norway spruce, Licentiate, Lund University, Lund,
  2. Archer R.R., 1987. Growth stresses and strains in trees, Springer Verlag, Berlin,
  3. Backstrom M. and Johansson M., 2006. Analytical model of twist in Norway spruce (Picea abies) timber. Scand. J. For. Res. 21: 54–62 [CrossRef].
  4. Balodis V., 1972. Influence of grain angle on twist in seasoned boards. Wood Sci. Technol. 5: 44–50.
  5. Booker R.E., 2005. Geometric model to predict twist in unrestrained boards. Wood Sci. Technol. 39: 269–289 [CrossRef].
  6. Dahlblom O., Petersson H., and Ormarsson S. (2000). Characterisation of longitudinal shrinkage coefficient, Final report Sub-task AB1.7. FAIR CT96-1915 Improved Spruce Timber Utilization, Lund, Lund University, Division of Structural Mechanics.
  7. Eastin I.L., Shook S.R., and Fleishman S.J., 2001. Material substitution in the US residential construction industry, 1994 versus 1998. For. Prod. J. 51: 30–37.
  8. Eastin I.L., Shook S.R., and Simon D.D., 1999. Softwood lumber substitution in the US residential construction industry in 1994. For. Prod. J. 49: 21–27.
  9. Fang C.H., Guibal D., Clair B., Gril J., Liu Y.M, and Liu S.Q., 2008. Relationship between growth stress and wood properties in poplar I-69 (Populus deltiodes Bartr. cv. “Lux” ex I-69/55). Ann. For. Sci. 65: 307 [EDP Sciences] [CrossRef].
  10. Johansson M., 2003. Prediction of bow and crook in timber studs based on variation in longitudinal shrinkage. Wood Fiber Sci. 35: 445–455.
  11. Johansson M. and Kliger R., 2002. Influence of material characteristics on warp in Norway spruce studs. Wood Fiber Sci. 34: 325–336.
  12. Johansson M. and Ormarsson S. (2005). Effect of residual stresses on perfomance of sawn timber – experiments. Fifth Workshop IUFRO 5.01.04, Waiheke Island, New Zealand.
  13. Johansson M., Perstorper M., Kliger R., and Johansson G., 2001. Distortion of Norway spruce timber Part 2. Modelling twist. Holz Roh- Werkst. 59: 155–162 [CrossRef].
  14. Kliger R., Johansson M., and Perstorper M., 1997. Influence of three-dimensional variation in shrinkage on distortion. International conference of Cost Action E8, Mechanical Performance of Wood and Wood Procducts, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  15. Kliger R., Johansson M., Perstorper M., and Johansson G., 2003. Distortion of Norway spruce timber – Part 3: Modelling bow and spring. Holz Roh- Werkst. 61: 241–250 [CrossRef].
  16. Kubler H., 1959. Studies on growth stress in trees – Part II: Longitudinal stresses (Studien über Wachstumsspannung des Holzes – zweite Mitteilung: Die Spannung in Faserrichtung); (in German). Holz Roh- Werkst. 17: 44–54.
  17. Kubler H., 1987. Growth stresses in trees and related wood properties. For. Prod. Abstr. 10: 62–119.
  18. Mishiro A. and Booker R.E., 1988. Warping in new crop radiata pine $100 \times 50$ mm (2 by 4) boards. Bulletin of Tokyo University Forests 80: 37–68.
  19. Moore G.L. and Maun K.W. (1998). Measurement of spiral grain on discs, project report sub-task AB1.6. FAIR CT96-1915 improved spruce timber utilization watford, building research establishment.
  20. Okuyama T. and Sasaki Y., 1979. Crooking during lumbering due to residual stresses in the tree. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 25: 681–687.
  21. Ormarsson S., Dahlblom O., and Johansson M., 2008. Finite element study of growth stress formation in wood and related distortion of sawn timber. Wood Sci. Technol. DOI 10.1007/s00226-008-0209-2.
  22. Ormarsson S., Dahlblom O., and Petersson H., 1998. A numerical study of the shape stability of sawn timber subjected to moisture variation – Part 1: Theory. Wood Sci. Technol. 32: 325–334 [CrossRef].
  23. Ormarsson S., Dahlblom O., and Petersson H., 1999. A numerical study of the shape stability of sawn timber subjected to moisture variation – Part 2: Simulation of drying board. Wood Sci. Technol. 33: 407–423 [CrossRef].
  24. Ormarsson S., Dahlblom O., and Petersson H., 2000. A numerical study of the shape stability of sawn timber subjected to moisture variation Part 3: Influence of annual ring orientation. Wood Sci. Technol. 34: 207–219 [CrossRef].
  25. Ormarsson S. and Johansson M., 2006. Finite element simulation of growth stresses and related board distortions caused by sawing and forced drying. N. Z. J. For. Sci. 36: 408–423.
  26. Stanish M.A., 2000. Predicting the crook stability of lumber within the hygroscopic range. Dry. Technol. 18: 1879–1895 [CrossRef].
  27. Stevens W.C. and Johnston D.D., 1960. Distortion caused by spiralled grain. Timber Technol. 68: 217–218.
  28. Woxblom L., 1993. Quality variations in wall studs – A study conducted at five sawmills in southern Sweden (in Swedish), Licentiate, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
  29. Yamamoto H., 1998. Generation mechanism of growth stresses in wood cell walls: Roles of lignin deposition and cellulose microfibril during cell wall maturation. Wood Sci. Technol. 32: 171–182.