Free Access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 57, Number 5-6, June-September 2000
Second International Workshop on Functional-Structural Tree Models
Page(s) 587 - 598


Bozzuto L.M., Wilson B.F., Branch angle in red maple trees, Can. J. For. Res. 18 (1988) 643-646.
Canham C.D., Finzi A.C., Pacala S.W., Burbank D.H., Causes and consequences of resource heterogeneity in forests: interspecific variation in light transmission by canopy trees, Can. J. For. Res. 24 (1994) 337-349.
Cannell M.G.R., Rothery P., Ford E.D., Competition within stands of Picea sitchensis and Pinus contorta. Ann. Bot. 53 (1984) 349-362.
Ceulemans R., Stettler R.F., Hinckley T.M., Isebrands J.G., Heilman P.E., Crown architecture of Populus clones as determined by branch orientation and branch characteristics, Tree Physiol. 7 (1990) 157-167.
Cluzeau C., Le Goff N., Ottorini J.-M., Development of primary branches and crown profile of Fraxinus excelsior, Can. J. For. Res. 24 (1994) 2315-2323.
Doruska P.F., Burkhart H.E., Modeling the diameter and locational distribution of branches within the crowns of loblolly pine trees in unthinned plantations, Can. J. For. Res. 24 (1994) 2362-2376.
Firbank L.G., Watkinson A.R., On the analysis of competition at the level of the individual plant, Oecologia 71 (1987) 308-317.
Franco M., The influence of neighbours on the growth of modular organisms with an example from trees, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 313 (1986) 209-225.
Fujimoto S., On the growth characteristics branching into long shoots and short ones, Trans. Meet. Hokkaido Branch Jan. For. Soc. 34 (1987) 163-165.
Goldberg D.E., Components of resource competition in plant communities, in: Grace J.B., Tilman D. (Eds.), Perspectives on Plant Competition, Academic Press, San Diego, 1990, pp. 27-49.
Hamilton D.A. Jr., A logistic model of mortality in thinned and unthinned mixed conifer stands of northern Idaho, For. Sci. 32 (1986) 989-1000.
Harper J.L., The population biology of plants, Academic Press, London, 1977.
Harper J.L., The concept of population in modular organisms, in: May R.M. (Ed.), Theoretical Ecology: Principles and applications, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1981.
Hosmer D.W., Lemeshow S., Applied logistic regression, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1989.
Jones M., Harper J.L., The influence of neighbours on the growth of trees. I. The demography of buds in Betula pendula, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B. 232 (1987) 1-18.
Jones M., Harper J.L., The influence of neighbours on the growth of trees. II. The fate of buds on long and short shoots in Betula pendula, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B. 232 (1987) 19-33.
Kellomäki S., Kurttio O., A model for the structural development of a Scots pine crown based on modular growth, For. Ecol. Manage. 43 (1991) 103-123.
Kellomäki S., Väisänen H., Dynamics of branch population in the canopy of young Scots pine stands, For. Ecol. Manage. 24 (1988) 67-83.
Kershaw J.A. Jr., Maguire D.A., Crown structure in western hemlock, Douglas-fir, and grand fir in western Washington: trends in branch-level mass and leaf area, Can. J. For. Res. 25 (1995) 1897-1912.
Kikuzawa K., Leaf survival and evolution in Betulaceae, Ann. Bot. 50 (1982) 345-353.
Kikuzawa K., Leaf survival of woody plants in deciduous broad-leaved forests. 1. Tall trees, Can. J. Bot. 61 (1983) 2133-2139.
Koike T., Leaf structure and photosynthetic performance as related to the forest succession of deciduous broad-leaved trees, Pl. Sp. Biol. 3 (1988) 77-87.
Koike T., Autumn coloring, photosynthetic performance and leaf development of deciduous broad-leaved trees in relation to forest succession, Tree physiol. 7 (1990) 21-32.
Lehtilä K., Tuomi J., Sulkinoja M., Bud demography of the mountain birch Betula pubescens spp. tortuosa near tree line, Ecology 75 (1994) 945-955.
Maguire D.A., Branch mortality and potential litterfall from Douglas-fir trees in stands of varying density, For. Ecol. Manage. 70 (1994) 41-53.
Maguire D.A., Moeur M., Bennett W.S., Models for describing basal diameter and vertical distribution of primary branches in young Douglas-fir, For. Ecol. Manage. 63 (1994) 23-55.
Maillette L., Structural dynamics of silver birch. I. The fates of buds, J. Appl. Ecol. 19 (1982) 203-218.
McGraw J.B., Effects of age and size on life histories and population growth of Rhododendron maximum shoots, Amer. J. Bot. 76 (1989) 113-123.
Monserud R.A., Sterba H., Modeling individual tree mortality for Austrian forest species, For. Ecol. Manage. 113 (1999) 109-123.
Perttunen J., Sievänen R., Nikinmaa E., Salminen H., Saarenmaa H., Väkevä J., LIGNUM: A tree model based on simple structural units, Ann. Bot. 77 (1996) 87-98.
Remphrey W.R., Davidson C.G., Branch architecture and its relation to shoot-tip abortion in mature Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Can. J. Bot. 70 (1992) 1147-1153.
Remphrey W.R., Davidson C.G., Spatiotemporal distribution of epicormic shoots and their architecture in branches of Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Can. J. For. Res. 22 (1992) 336-340.
Remphrey W.R., Powell G.R., Crown architecture of Larix laricina saplings: quantitative analysis and modelling of (nonsylleptic) order 1 branching in relation to development of the main stem, Can. J. Bot. 62 (1984) 1904-1915.
Room P.M., Maillette L., Hanan J.S., Module and metamer dynamics and virtual plants, Adv. Ecol. Res. 25 (1994) 105-157.
SAS institute, SAS/STAT user's guide, Cary, USA, 1990.
SAS institute, SAS/STAT software: changes and enhancements, Cary, USA, 1996.
Schellner R.A., Newell S.J., Solbrig O.T., Studies on the population biology of the genus Viola IV. Spatial pattern of ramets and seedlings in three stoloniferous species, J. Ecol. 70 (1982) 273-290.
Sprugel D.G., Hinckley T.M., Schaap W., The theory and practice of branch autonomy, Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 22 (1991) 309-334.
Stoll P., Weiner J., Schmid B., Growth variation in a naturally established population of Pinus sylvestris, Ecology 75 (1994) 660-670.
Sumida A., Komiyama A., Crown spread patterns for five deciduous broad-leaved woody species: ecological significance of the retention patterns of larger branches, Ann. Bot. 80 (1997) 759-766.
Takahashi Y., Asai T., Kikuzawa K., On biomass estimation of Betula platyphylla var. japonica forest stand in Nayoro, Bull. Hokkaido For. Exp. St. 12 (1974) 29-37.
Wagner R.G., Radosevich S.R., Neighborhood predictors of interspecific competition in young Douglas-fir plantations, Can. J. For. Res. 21 (1991) 821-828.
Watson M.A., Casper B.B., Morphogenetic constraints on patterns of carbon distribution in plants, Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 15 (1984) 233-258.
Weiner J., Neighborhood interference amongst Pinus rigida individuals, J. Ecol. 72 (1984) 183-195.
White J., The plant as a metapopulation, Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 10 (1979) 109-145.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences