Free Access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 57, Number 5-6, June-September 2000
Second International Workshop on Functional-Structural Tree Models
Page(s) 611 - 621


Aber J.D., Foliage-height profiles and succession in northern hardwood forests, Ecology 60 (1979) 18-23.
Baldocchi D.D., Collineau S., The physical nature of solar radiation in heterogeneous canopies: spatial and temporal attributes, in: Caldwell M.M., Pearcy R.W. (Eds.), Exploitation of environmental heterogeneity by plants, Academic Press, London, 1994, pp. 21-71.
Boojh R., Ramakrishnan P.S., Growth strategy of trees related to successional status. I. Architecture and extension growth, For. Ecol. Manag. 4 (1982) 359-374.
Brown M.J., Parker G.G., Canopy light transmittance in a chronosequence of mixed-species deciduous forests, Can. J. For. Res. 24 (1994) 1694-1703.
Burton A.J., Pregitzer K.S., Reed D.D., Leaf area and foliar biomass relationships in northern hardwood forests located along an 800 km acid deposition gradient, For. Sci. 37 (1991) 1041-1059.
Caldwell M.M., Plant architecture and resource competition, in: Schulze E.-D., Zwölfer H. (Eds.), Potentials and limitations of ecosystem analysis, Ecological Studies 61, Springer, Berlin, 1987, pp. 164-179.
Campbell G.S., Extinction coefficients for radiation in plant canopies calculated using an ellipsoidal inclination angle distribution, Agricult. For. Meteor. 36 (1986) 317-321.
Campbell G.S., Norman J.M., the description and measurement of plant canopy structure, in: Russell G., Marshall B., Jarvis P.G. (Eds.), Plant canopies: their growth, form and function, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1989, pp. 1-19.
Cescatti A., Effects of needle clumping in shoots and crowns on the radiative regime of a Norway spruce canopy, Ann. Sci. For. 55 (1998) 89-102.
Chason J.W., Baldocchi D.D., Huston M.A., A comparison of direct and indirect methods for estimating forest canopy leaf area, Agricult. For. Meteor. 57 (1991) 107-128.
Chen J.M., Black T.A., Foliage area and architecture of plant canopies from sunfleck size distributions, Agricult. For. Meteor. 60 (1992) 249-266.
Chen S.G., Shao B.Y., Impens I., Ceulemans R., Effects of plant canopy structure on light interception and photosynthesis, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 52 (1994) 115-123.
Cohen S., Mosoni P., Meron M., Canopy clumpiness and radiation penetration in a young hedgerow apple orchard, Agricult. For. Meteor. 76 (1995) 185-200.
Fassnacht K.S., Gower S.T., Norman J.M., McMurtrie R.E., A comparison of optical and direct methods for estimating foliage surface area index in forests, Agricult. For. Meteor. 71 (1994) 183-207.
Fisher J.B., Branching patterns and angles in trees, in: Givnish T.J. (Ed.), On the economy of plant form and function, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1986, pp. 493-523.
Ford E.D., Newbould P.J., The leaf canopy of a coppiced deciduous woodland. I. Development and structure, J. Ecol. 59 (1971) 843-862.
Goudriaan J., The bare bones of leaf-angle distribution in radiation models for canopy photosynthesis and energy exchange, Agricult. For. Meteor. 43 (1988) 155-169.
Gower S.T., McMurtrie R.E., Murty D., Aboveground net primary production decline with stand age: potential causes, Trends Ecol. Evol. Res. 11 (1996) 378-382.
Hallé F., Oldeman R.A.A., Tomlinson P.B., Tropical trees and forests, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1978.
Harper J.L., Canopies as populations, in: Russell G., Marshall B., Jarvis P.G. (Eds.), Plant canopies: their growth, form and function, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1989, pp. 105-128.
Isebrands J.G., Nelson N.D., Crown architecture of short-rotation, intensively cultured Populus. II. Branch morphology and distribution of leaves within the crown of Populus "Tristis" as related to biomass production, Can. J. For. Res. 12 (1982) 853-864.
Jarvis P.G., Leverenz J.W., Productivity of temperate, deciduous and evergreen forests, in: Lange O.L., Nobel P.S., Osmond C.B., Ziegler H. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology New Series, Vol. 12D, Physiological Plant Ecology IV, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1983, pp. 233-280.
Johansson T., Irradiance within canopies of young trees of European aspen (Populus tremula) and European birch (Betula pubescens) in stands of different spacings, For. Ecol. Manag. 28 (1989) 217-236.
Koike F., Canopy dynamics estimated from shoot morphology in an evergreen broad-leaved forest, Oecologia 70 (1986) 348-350.
Kull O., Aan A., Soelsepp T., Light interception, nitrogen and leaf mass distribution in a multilayer plant community, Funct. Ecol. 9 (1995) 589-595.
Kull O., Broadmeadow M., Kruijt B., Meir P., Light distribution and foliage structure in an oak canopy, Trees 14 (1999) 55-64.
Kull O., Jarvis P.G., The role of nitrogen in a simple scheme to scale uo photosynthesis from leaf to canopy, Plant, Cell Env. 18 (1995) 1174-1182.
Kull O., Kruijt B., Acclimation of photosynthesis to light - a mechanistic approach, Funct. Ecol. 13 (1999) 24-36.
Kull O., Niinemets Ü., Distribution of leaf photosynthetic properties in tree canopies: comparison of species with different shade tolerance, Funct. Ecol. 12 (1998) 472-479.
Kurth W., Sloboda B., Growth grammars simulating trees - an extension of L-systems incorporating local variables and sensitivity, Silva Fenn. 31 (1997) 285-295.
Le Dizes S., Cruiziat P., Lacointe A., Sinoquet H., Le Roux X., Balandier P., Jacquet P., A model for Simulating structure-function relationships in walnut tree growth processes, Silva Fenn. 31 (1997) 313-328.
Mäkelä A., Vanninen P., Ilkonen V.-P., An application of process-based modelling to the development branchiness in Scots pine, Silva Fenn. 31 (1997) 369-380.
Monteith J.L., Climate and efficiency of crop production in Britain, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 281 (1977) 277-294.
Niinemets Ü., Adjustment of foliage structure and function to a canopy light gradient in two co-existing deciduous trees. Variability in leaf inclination angles in relation to petiole morphology, Trees 12 (1998) 446-451.
Pearcy R.W., Pfitsch W.A., Influence of sunflecks on the d13C of Adenocaulon bicolor plants occurring in contrasting forest understorey microsites, Oecologia 86 (1991) 457-462.
Rauner J.L., Deciduous forests, in: Monteith J.L. (Ed.), Vegetation and the atmosphere. Vol. 2. Case studies, Academic Press, London, New York, San Francisco, 1976, pp. 241-264.
Reffye Ph. De, Fourcaud Th., Blaise F., Barthelemy D., Houllier F., A functional model of tree growth and tree architecture, Silva Fenn. 31 (1997) 297-311.
Remphrey W.R., Powell G.R., Crown architecture of Larix laricina saplings: quantitive analysis and modelling of (nonsylleptic) order 1 branching in relation to development of the main stem, Can. J. Bot. 62 (1984) 1904-1915.
Rich M.P., Clark B.D., Clark D.A., Oberbauer S.F., Long-term study of solar radiation regimes in a tropical wet forest using quantum sensors and hemispherical photography, Agricult. For. Meteor. 65 (1993) 107-127.
Ruark G.A., Bockheim J.G., Biomass, net primary production, and nutrient distribution for an age sequence of Populus tremuloides ecosystems, Can. J. For. Res. 18 (1988) 435-443.
Russell G., Jarvis P.G., Monteith J.L., Absorption of radiation by canopies and stand growth, in: Russell G., Marshall B., Jarvis P.G. (Eds.), Plant canopies: their growth, form and function, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1989, pp. 21-39.
Ryan M.G., Binkley D., Fownes J.H., Age-related decline in forest productivity: pattern and process, Adv. Ecol. Res. 27 (1997) 213-262.
Sakai S., Patterns of branching and extension growth of vigorous saplings of Japanese Acer species in relation to their regeneration strategies, Can. J. Bot. 65 (1987) 1578-1585.
Sampson D.A., Smith F.W., Influence of canopy architecture on light penetration in lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia) forests, Agricult. For. Meteor. 64 (1993) 63-79.
Schulze E.-D., Küppers M., Matyssek R., The roles of carbon balance and branching pattern in the growth of woody species, in: Givnish T.J. (Ed.), On the economy of plant form and function, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1986, pp. 585-602.
Sinoquet H., Rivet P., Godin C., Assessment of the three-dimensional architecture of walnut trees using digitising, Silva Fenn. 31 (1997) 265-273.
Smith N.J., Chen J.M., Black T.A., Effects of clumping on estimates of stand leaf area index using the LI-COR LAI-2000, Can. J. For. Res. 23 (1993) 1940-1943.
Sprugel D.G., Hinckley T.M., Schaap W., The theory and practice of branch autonomy, Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 22 (1991) 309-334.
Zimmermann M.H., Brown, C.L., Trees structure and function, Springer, New York, 1971.
Takenaka A., A simulation model of tree architecture development based on growth response to local light environment, J. Plant Res. 107 (1994) 321-330.
Takenaka A., Structural variation in current-year shoots of broad-leaved evergreen tree saplings under forest canopies in warm temperate Japan, Tree Phys. 17 (1997) 205-210.
Thornley J.H.M., Johnson I.R., Plant and crop modelling, a mathematical approach to plant and crop physiology, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1990.
Vose J.M., Swank W.T., A conceptual model of forest growth emphasizing stand leaf area, in: Dixon R.K., Meldahl R.S., Ruark G.A., Warren W.G. (Eds.), Process Modeling of Forest Growth Responses to Environmental Stress, Timber Press, Portland, USA, 1990. pp. 278-287.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences