Free Access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 65, Number 2, March-April 2008
Article Number 208
Number of page(s) 10
Published online 21 March 2008
References of  Ann. For. Sci. 65 (2008) 208
  1. Arii K., Lechowicz M.J., The influence of overstory trees and abiotic factors on the sapling community in an old growth Fagus-Acer forest, Ecoscience 9 (2002) 386-396.
  2. Baker F.S., A revised tolerance table, J. For. 47 (1949) 179-181.
  3. Barbour M.G., Burk J.H., Pitts W.D., Terrestrial Plant Ecology, 2nd Ed., The Benjamin /Cummings Publishing Company, Inc., Menlo Park, CA, USA 1987, 634 p.
  4. Bazzaz F.A., The physiological ecology of plant succession, Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 10 (1979) 351-371 [CrossRef].
  5. Bazzaz F.A., Carlson R.W., Photosynthetic acclimation to variability in the light environment of early and late successional plants, Oecologia 54 (1982) 313-316 [CrossRef].
  6. Bonal D., Born C., Brechet C., Coste S.M.E., Roggy J.-C., Guehl J.-M., The successional status of tropical rainforest tree species is associated with differences in leaf carbon isotope discrimination and functional traits, Ann. For. Sci 64 (2007) 169-176 [EDP Sciences] [CrossRef].
  7. Bragg D.C., Roberts D.W., Crow T.R., A hierarchical approach for simulating northern forest dynamics, Ecol. Model. 173 (2004) 31-94 [CrossRef].
  8. Brisson J., Bergeron Y., Bouchard A., Les successions secondaires sur sites mésiques dans le Haut-Saint-Laurent, Québec, Canada, Can. J. Bot. 66 (1988) 1192-1203 [CrossRef].
  9. Canham C.D., Growth and canopy architecture of shade tolerant trees: response to canopy gaps, Ecology 69 (1988) 786-795 [CrossRef].
  10. Cash D.W., Adger W.N., Berkes F., Garden P., Lebel L., Olsson P., Pritchard L., Young O., Scale and cross-scale dynamics: Governance and information in a multilevel world, Ecol. Soc. 11 (2006) [online]:
  11. Castelli J.P., Brenda B.C., Sullivan J.J., Latham R.E., Early understory succession following catastrophic wind damage in a deciduous forest, Can. J. For. Res. 29 (1999) 1997-2002 [CrossRef].
  12. Claveau Y., Messier C., Comeau P.G., Interacting influence of light and size on aboveground biomass distribution in sub-boreal conifer saplings with contrasting shade tolerance, Tree Physiol. 25 (2005) 373-384 [PubMed].
  13. Connell J.H., Slatyer R.O., Mechanisms of succession in natural communities and their role in community stability and organization, Am. Nat. 111 (1977) 1119-1144 [CrossRef].
  14. Cooper S.D., Diehl S., Kratz K., Sarnelle O., Implications of scale for patterns and processes in stream ecology, Aust. J. Ecol. 23 (1998) 27-40 [CrossRef].
  15. Crow T.R., Buckley D.S., Nauertz E.A., Zasada J.C., Effects on management on the composition structure of northern hardwood forests in upper Michigan, For. Sci. 48 (2002) 129-145.
  16. Delagrange S., Messier C., Lechowicz M.J., Dizengremel P., Physiological, morphological and allocational plasticity in understory deciduous trees: Importance of individual size and light availability, Tree Physiol. 24 (2004) 775-784 [PubMed].
  17. Drever C.R., Messier C., Bergeron Y., Doyon F., Fire and canopy species composition in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence forest of Temiscamingue, Québec, For. Ecol. Manage. 231 (2006) 27-37 [CrossRef].
  18. Dunn C.P., Guntensperger G.R., Dorney J.R., Catastrophic wind disturbance in an old-growth hemlock-hardwood forest, Can. J. Bot. 61 (1983) 211-217 [CrossRef].
  19. Elliot K.J., Boring L.R., Swank W.T., Haines B.R., Successional changes in plant species diversity and composition after clearcutting a Southern Appalachian watershed, For. Ecol. Man. 92 (1997) 67-85 [CrossRef].
  20. Erdmann G.G., Betula alleghaniensis Britton, Yellow Birch, in: Silvics of North America: Hardwoods, USDA Forest service, Washington, USA, 1990, pp. 133-147.
  21. Forcier L.K., Reproductive strategies and the co-occurrence of climax tree species, Science 189 (1975) 808-811 [PubMed] [CrossRef].
  22. Franklin J.F., Spies T.A., van Pelt R., Carey A.B., Thornburgh D.A., Breg D.R., Lindenmaye, D.B., Harmon M.E., Keeton W.S., Shaw D.C., Bible K., Chen J., Disturbances and structural development of natural forest ecosystems with silvicultural implications, using Douglas-fir forests as an example. For. Ecol. Manage. 155 (2002) 399-423.
  23. Givnish T.J., Adaptation to sun and shade: A whole plant perspective, Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 15 (1988) 63-92 [CrossRef].
  24. Givnish T.J., Plant stem: Biochemical adaptation for energy capture and influence on species distributions, in: Plant stems: Physiology and functional morphology, Academic press, San Diego, USA, 1995, pp. 3-49.
  25. Godman R.M., Yawney H.W., Tubbs C.H., Acer saccharum March, Sugar Maple, in: Silvics of North America: Hardwoods, USDA, Forest service, Washington, USA, 1990, pp. 78-91.
  26. Godman R.M., Books D.J., Influence of stand density on stem quality in pole-size northern hardwoods, USDA, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN, USA, Research Paper NC-54, 1971, 7 p.
  27. Horn H.S., The ecology of secondary succession, Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 5 (1974) 25-37 [CrossRef].
  28. Kimmins J.P., Forest ecology: A foundation for sustainable management, 2nd ed., Prentice Hall Inc., New Jersey, USA, 1997, 596 p.
  29. Kobe R.K., Carbohydrate allocation to storage as a basis of interspecific variation in sapling survivorship and growth, Oikos 80 (1997) 226-233 [CrossRef].
  30. Kruger E.L., Reich P.B., Responses of hardwood regeneration to fire in mesic forest openings. II. Leaf gas exchange, nitrogen concentration, and water status, Can. J. For. Res. 27 (1997) 1832-1840 [CrossRef].
  31. Lei T.T., Lechowicz M.J., Shade adaptation and shade tolerance in saplings of three Acer species from eastern North America, Oecologia 84 (1990) 224-228.
  32. Levin S.A., The problem of pattern and scale in ecology: the Robert H. MacArthur award lecture, Ecology 73 (1992) 1943-1967 [CrossRef].
  33. McClure J.W., Lee T.D., Leak W.B., Gap capture in northern hardwoods: patterns of establishment and height growth in four species, For. Ecol. Manage. 127 (2000) 181-189 [CrossRef].
  34. Merrens E.J., Peart D.R., Effects of hurricane damage on individual growth and stand structure in a hardwood forest in New Hampshire, USA, J. Ecol. 80 (1992) 787-795 [CrossRef].
  35. Mladenoff D.J., He H.S., Design and behaviour of LANDIS, an object-oriented model of forest landscape disturbance and succession, in: Advances in spatial modeling of forest landscape change: approaches and applications, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1999, pp. 125-162.
  36. MRN, Norme de cartographie écoforestière, Forêt Québec, Direction des inventaires forestiers, Troisième programme de connaissance de la ressource forestière, Édition provisoire, ISBN : 2-551-19159-2, 2000, 84 p.
  37. Niklas K.J., Plant biomechanics: An engineering approach to plant form and function, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA, 1992, 607 p.
  38. Nyland R.D., Ray D.G., Yanai R.D., Briggs R.D., Zhang L., Cymbala R.J., Twery M.J., Early cohort development following even-aged reproduction method cuttings in New York northern hardwoods, Can. J. For. Res. 30 (2000) 67-75 [CrossRef].
  39. Perala D.A., Alm A.A., Reproductive ecology of birch: A review, For. Ecol. Manage. 32 (1990) 1-38 [CrossRef].
  40. Perala D.A., Alm A.A., Regeneration silviculture of birch: A review, For. Ecol. Manage. 32 (1990) 39-77 [CrossRef].
  41. Poulson T.L., Platt W.J., Replacement patterns of beech and sugar maple in Warren Woods, Michigan, Ecology 77 (1996) 1234-1253 [CrossRef].
  42. Robitaille A., Saucier J.-P., Paysages régionaux du Québec méridional, Les Publications du Québec, Québec, Canada, 1998, 213 p.
  43. Runkle J.R., Gap regeneration in some old-growth forest of the eastern United States, Ecology 62 (1981) 1041-1051 [CrossRef].
  44. Valladares F., Wright S.J., Lasso E., Kitajima K., Pearcy R.W., Plastic phenotypic response to light of 16 congeneric shrubs from a Panamanian rainforest, Ecology 81 (2000) 1925-1936 [CrossRef].
  45. Vester H.F.M., Tree temperaments, in: Tyree M.T., Nardini A., Salleo S., Labrecque M., L'arbre 2000, The tree, Ed. Somabec, Ste-Hyacinthe Qc, Canada, 2001, pp. 25-30.
  46. Walters M.B., Kruger E.L., Reich P.B., Growth biomass distribution and CO2 exchange of northern hardwood seedlings in high and low light: relationships with successional status and shade tolerance, Oecologia 94 (1993) 7-16 [CrossRef].
  47. Walters M.B., Reich P.B., Trade-offs in low light CO2 exchange: a component of variation in shade tolerance among cold temperate tree seedlings, Funct. Ecol. 14 (2000) 155-165 [CrossRef].
  48. Whitney G.G., An ecological history of the great lakes forest of Michigan, J. Ecol. 75 (1987) 667-684 [CrossRef].
  49. Whittaker R.J., Willis K.J., Field R., Scale and species richness: towards a general, hierarchical theory of species diversity, J. Biogeogr. 28 (2001) 453-470 [CrossRef].