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Table II

Flowering phenology and longevity of A. dealbata. Flower-head longevity is the total period in days from the opening of the first flower on a flower head to senescence of the flower head: duration of female phase is based on stigma extension and visible state in open flowers; duration of male phase is based on the physical state of the stamens in open flowers.

Location Flower-head Duration of female Duration of male
longevity (days) phase (days) phase (days)
A. dealbata Southern Victoria (Australia)a 8–15 1–8 1–8

A. dealbata Galicia (NW Spain)b 10–22 5–13 3–14

Data from Stone et al. (2003).


Data from authors (2007). The overlap time between the two phases was 2–4 d.