Free Access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 60, Number 1, January-February 2003
Page(s) 1 - 10


  1. Alder D., A distance-independent tree model for exotic conifer plantations in East Africa, For. Sci. 25 (1979) 59-71.
  2. Avila O.B., Burkhart H.E., Modeling survival of loblolly pine trees in thinned and unthinned plantations, Can. J. For. Res. 22 (1992) 1878-1882.
  3. Bredenkamp B.V., Burkhart H.E., An examination of spacing indices for Eucalyptus grandis, Can. J. For. Res. 20 (1990) 1909-1916.
  4. Cao Q.V., Prediction of annual diameter growth and survival for individual trees from periodic measurements, For. Sci. 46 (1) (2000) 127-131.
  5. Clutter J.L., Forston J.C., Piennar L.V., Brister G.H., Bailey R.L., Timber management - a quantitative approach, Wiley, New York, 1983.
  6. Drew T.J., Flewelling J.W., Some recent Japanese theories of yield density relationships and their application to Monterey pine plantations, For. Sci. 23 (1977) 517-534.
  7. Eerikäinen K., Predicting the height-diameter pattern of planted Pinus kesiya stands in Zambia and Zimbabwe, For. Ecol. Manage. (in press).
  8. Gadow K., Hui G., Modeling forest development, Faculty of Forest and Wodland Ecology, University of Göttingen, 1998.
  9. González S.C., Bravo F., Density and population structure of the natural regeneration of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the High Ebro Basin (northern Spain), Ann. For. Sci. 58 (2001) 277-288.
  10. Hamilton D.A., Extending the range of applicability of an individual tree mortality model, Can. J. For. Res. 20 (1990) 1212-1218.
  11. Hynynen J., Self-thinning models for even-aged stands of Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies and Betula pendula, Scand. J. For. Res. 8 (1993) 326-336.
  12. Hynynen J., Predicting the growth response to thinning for Scots pine stands using individual-tree growth models, Silva Fennica 29 (1995) 225-246.
  13. Lonsdale W.M., The self-thinning rule: dead or alive?, Ecology 71 (1990) 1373-1388.
  14. Lowell K.E., Mitchel R.J., Stand growth projections: Simultaneous estimation of growth and mortality using a single probabilistic function, Can. J. For. Res. 17 (1987) 1466-1470.
  15. Mabvurira D., Miina J., Individual-tree growth and mortality models for Eucalyptus grandis (Hill) Maiden plantations in Zimbabwe, For. Ecol. Manage. 161 (2002) 231-245.
  16. Monserud R.A., Simulation of forest tree mortality, For. Sci. 22 (1976) 438-444.
  17. Montero G., Cañellas I., Ortega C., Del Rio M., Results from a thinning experiment in a Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) natural regeneration stand in the Sistema Ibérico Mountain Range (Spain), For. Ecol. Manage. 145 (2001) 151-161.
  18. Munro D., Forest growth models - a prognosis, in: Fries J. (Ed.), Growth models for tree and stand simulation, Proceedings of the IUFRO working party S4.01-4, 1974, pp. 7-21.
  19. Palahí M., Tomé M., Pukkala T., Trasobares A., Montero G., Site index model for Pinus sylvestris in north-east Spain, Manuscript (2003).
  20. Pukkala T., Studies on the effect of spatial distribution of trees on the diameter growth of Scots pine, Publications in Science No. 13. University of Joensuu, 1988.
  21. Pukkala T., Predicting diameter growth in an even-aged Scots pine stand with a spatial and non spatial model, Silva Fennica 23 (1989)101-116.
  22. Rautiainen O., Spatial yield model for Shorea robusta in Nepal, For. Ecol. Manage. 119 (1999) 151-162.
  23. Reineke L.H., Perfecting a stand-density index for even-aged forests, J. Agric. Res. 46 (1933) 627-638.
  24. Rio M. del., Régimen de claras y modelo de producción para Pinus sylvestris L. en los sitemas Central e Ibérico. Tesis Doctoral, ETSIM-UPM, Unpublished, 1998, 219 p.
  25. Rio M. del., Montero G., Bravo F., Analysis of diameter-density relationships and self-thinning in non-thinned even-aged Scots pine stands, For. Ecol. Manage. 142 (2001) 79-87.
  26. Rojo A., Montero G., El pino silvestre en la Sierra de Guadarrama, Centro de publicaciones del Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación, 1996, 293 p.
  27. SAS Institute Inc., SAS/STAT® User's guide, version 8, Cary, NC, SAS Institute Inc., 1999, 3884 p.
  28. Shafii B., Moore J.A., Newberry J.D., Individual-tree diameter growth models for quantifying within stand response to nitrogen fertilisation, Can. J. For. Res. 20 (1990) 1149-1155.
  29. SPSS Inc., SPSS Base system syntax reference Guide. Release 9.0, 1999.
  30. Soares P., Tomé M., Skovsgaard J.P., Vanclay J.K., Evaluating a growth model for forest management using continuous forest inventory data, For. Ecol. Manage. 71 (1995) 251-265.
  31. Tennent R.B., Individual-tree growth model for Pinus radiata, N. Z. J. For. Sci. 12 (1982) 62-70.
  32. Vanclay J.K., Compatible deterministic and stochastic predictions by probabilistic modeling of individual trees, For. Sci. 37 (1991) 1656-1663.
  33. Vanclay J.K., Modelling forest growth and yield: Applications to mixed tropical forests, CABI Publishing, Walingford, UK, 1994.
  34. Yoda K., Kira T., Ogawa H., Hozumi K., Self-thinning in overcrowded pure stands under cultivated and natural conditions, J. Biol. Osaka City Univ. 14 (1963) 107-129.
  35. Zeide B., Tolerance and self-tolerance of trees, For. Ecol. Manage. 13 (1985) 149-166.
  36. Zeide B., Analysis of the 3/2 power law of self-thinning, For. Sci. 33 (1987) 517-537.
  37. Zhang S., Amateis R.L., Burkhart H.E., Constraining individual tree diameter increment and survival models for Loblolly pine plantations, For. Sci. 43 (1997) 414-423.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences