Free Access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 67, Number 7, October-November 2010
Article Number 708
Number of page(s) 8
Published online 19 August 2010
  • Álvarez González J.G., Castedo Dorado F., Ruiz González A.D., López Sánchez C.A., and von Gadow K., 2004. A two-step mortality model for even-aged stands of Pinus radiata D. Don in Galicia (Northwestern Spain). Ann. For. Sci. 61: 441–450. [Google Scholar]
  • Barclay H.J., and Layton C.R., 1990. Growth and mortality in managed Douglas fir: relation to competition index. For. Ecol. Manage. 36: 187–204. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bravo F., and Montero G., 2001. Site index estimation in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stands in the High Ebro Basin (Northern Spain) using soil attributes. Forestry 74: 395–406. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bravo F., Pando V., Ordóñez C., and Lizarralde I., 2008. Modelling ingrowth in Mediterranean pine forests: A case study from scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Mediterranean maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) stands in Spain. Investig. Agrar. Sist. Recur. For. 17: 250–260. [Google Scholar]
  • Bravo-Oviedo A., Sterba H., del Río M., and Bravo F., 2006. Competition induced mortality for Mediterranean P. pinaster Ait. and P. sylvestris L. For. Ecol. Manage. 222: 88–98. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bréda N., Huc R., Granier A., and Dreyer E., 2006. Temperate forest trees and stands under severe drought:a review of ecophysiological responses, adaptation processes and long-term onsequences. Ann. For. Sci. 63: 625–644. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Brin A., Meredieu C., Piou D., Brustel H., and Jactel H., 2008. Changes in quantitative patterns of dead wood in maritime pine plantations over time. For. Ecol. Manage. 256: 913–921. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Eid T., and Oyen B.H., 2003. Models for prediction of mortality in even-aged forest. Scand. J. For. Res. 18: 64–77. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Forsee, 2005. Proyecto FORSEE (20) INTERREG III B Espacio atlántico: Last access on 16th December (2009). [Google Scholar]
  • Goodburn J.M., and Lorimer C.G., 1998. Cavity trees and coarse woody debris in old-growth and managed northern hardwood forests in Wisconsin and Michigan. Can. J. For. Res. 28: 427–438. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Green P., and Peterken G.F., 1997. Variation in the amount of dead wood in woodlands of the Lower Wye Valley, UK, in relation to the intensity of management. For. Ecol. Manage. 98: 229–228. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hamilton D.A., and Brickell J.E., 1983. Modelling methods for a two-stage system with continuous responses. Can. J. For. Res. 13: 1117–1121. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Harmon M.E., Franklin J.F., Swanson F.J., Sollins P., Gregory S.V., Lattin J.D., Anderson N.H., Cline S.P., Aumen N.G., Sedell J.R., Lienkaemper G.W., Cromack K. Jr., and Cummins K.W., 1986. Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems. Adv. Ecol. Res. 15: 133–302. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Harmon M.E., and Chen H., 1991. Coarse woody debris in two old-growth ecosystems. Comparing a deciduous forest in China and a conifer forests in Oregon. BioScience 41: 604–610. [Google Scholar]
  • Holmgren P., 1994. Topographic and geochemical influence on the forest site quality, with respect on the forest site quality, with respect to Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies in Sweden. Scand. J. For. Res. 9: 75–82. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hosmer D.W. and Lemeshow S., 1989. Applied Logistic Regression, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 37 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Huang S., Yang Y., and Wang Y., 2003. A critical look at procedures for validating growth and yield models. In: Amaro A., Reed D. and Soares P. (Eds.), Modelling Forest Systems, Wallingford: CABI Publishing, pp. 271–293. [Google Scholar]
  • IPCC, 2007. Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. [Google Scholar]
  • Köster K., Jôgiste K., Tukia H., Niklasson M., and Möls T., 2005. Variation and ecological characteristics of coarse woody debris in Lahemaa and Karula National Parks, Estonia. Scand. J. For. Res. 20 (Suppl 6): 102–111. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Krankina O.N., Treyfeld R.F., Harmon ME., Spycher G., and Povarov E.D., 2001. Coarse woody debris in the forest of the St. Petersburg region, Russia. Ecol. Bull. 49: 93–104. [Google Scholar]
  • Linder O., Elfving B., and Zackrisson O., 1997. Stand structure and successional trends in virgin boreal forest reserves in Sweden. For. Ecol. Manage. 98: 17–33. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Magnussen S., Kleinn C., and Picard N., 2008. Two new density estimators for distance sampling. Eur. J. For. Res. 127: 213–224. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Martínez-Vilalta J., Piñol J., and Beven K., 2002. A hydraulic model to predict drought-induced mortality in woody plants: an application to climate change in the Mediterranean, Ecol. Model. 155: 127–147. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • McComn W. and Lindenmayer D., 1999. Dying, dead, and down trees. In: Malcon L. and Hunter J.R. (Eds.), Maintaining biodiversity in forest ecosystems, Cambridge University Press, pp. 335–372. [Google Scholar]
  • McHugh C.W., and Kolb T.E., 2003. Ponderosa pine mortality following fire in northern Arizona. Int. J. Wildl Fire 12: 7–22. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mellen K. and Ager A., 2002. A coarse wood dynamics model for the Western Cascades. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. [Google Scholar]
  • Montes F., and Cañellas I., 2006. Modelling coarse woody debris dynamics in even-aged Scots pine forests. For. Ecol. Manage. 221: 220–232. [Google Scholar]
  • Ninyerola M., Pons X., and Rour J.M., 2005. Atlas climático digital de la Península Ibérica. Metodología y aplicaciones en bioclimatología o geobotánica. Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra. [Google Scholar]
  • Ranius T., Kindvall O., Kruys N., and Jonsson B.G., 2003. Modelling dead wood in Norway spruce stands subject to different management regimes. For. Ecol. Manage. 182: 13–29. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Sas Institute Inc. 2009. SAS/STATTM User’s Guide, Relase 9.1, Cary, N.C, USA. [Google Scholar]
  • Siitonen J., Martikainen P., Punttila P., and Rauh J., 2000. Coarse woody debris and stand characteristics in mature managed and old-growth boreal mesic forests in southern Finland. For. Ecol. Manage. 128: 211–225. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Sollins P., 1982. Input and decay of coarse woody debris in coniferous stands in western Oregon and Washington. Can. J. For. Res. 12: 18–28. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Spies T.A., Franklin J.F., and Thomas T.B., 1988. Coarse woody debris in Douglas-fir forests of western Oregon and Washington. Ecology 69: 1689–1702. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Warren W.G., and Olsen P.F., 1964. A line-intersect technique for assessing logging waste. For. Sci. 10: 267–276. [Google Scholar]
  • Woollons R.C., 1998. Even-aged stand mortality estimation through a two-step regression process. For. Ecol. Manage. 105: 189–195. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • WRB, 2006. World reference base for soil resources. World Soil Resources Reports, No. 103, FAO, Rome, 145 p. [Google Scholar]