Free Access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 67, Number 8, December 2010
Article Number 807
Number of page(s) 9
Section Original articles
Published online 28 October 2010
  • Carmean W.H., 1972. Site index curves for upland oaks in the Central States. For. Sci. 18: 109–120. [Google Scholar]
  • Claveau Y., Messier C., Comeau P.G., and Coates K.D., 2002. Growth and crown morphological responses of boreal conifer seedlings and saplings with contrasting shade tolerance to a gradient of light and height. Can. J. For. Res. 32: 458–468. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Efron B., 1979. Bootstrap methods: another look at the jackknife. Ann. Stat. 7: 1–26. [Google Scholar]
  • Ekö P.M., Johansson U., Petersson N., Bergqvist J., Elfving B., and Frisk J., 2008. Current growth differences of Norway spruce (Picea abies), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and birch (Betula pendula and Betula pubescens) in different regions in Sweden. Scand. J. For. Res. 23: 307–318. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Fricker J.M., Chen H.Y.H., and Wang J.R., 2006. Stand age structural dynamics of North American boreal forests and implications for forest management. Int. For. Rev. 8: 395–405. [Google Scholar]
  • Hannrup B., Danell Ö., Ekberg I., and Moëll M., 2001. Relationships between wood density and tracheid dimensions in Pinus sylvestris L. Wood Fiber Sci. 33: 173–181. [Google Scholar]
  • Holmes R.L., 1983. Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating measurement. Tree-Ring Bull. 43: 69–78. [Google Scholar]
  • Johnson E.A., 1992. Fire and vegetation dynamics: studies from the North American boreal forest, Cambridge University Press, UK. [Google Scholar]
  • Kneeshaw D., and Gauthier S., 2003. Old growth in the boreal forest: a dynamic perspective at the stand and landscape level. Environ. Rev. 11: S99–S114. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Körner C., 2003. Alpine plant life: functional plant ecology of high mountain ecosystems, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. [Google Scholar]
  • Krause C., and Morin H., 2005. Adventive-root development in mature black spruce and balsam fir in the boreal forests of Quebec, Canada. Can. J. For. Res. 35: 2642–2654. [Google Scholar]
  • Kuuluvainen T., 2009. Forest management and biodiversity conservation based on natural ecosystem dynamics in Northern Europe: the complexity challenge. Ambio 38: 309–315. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Lussier J.-M., Morin H., and Gagnon R., 2002. Mortality in black spruce stands of fire or clear-cut origin. Can. J. For. Res. 32: 539–547. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • McCarthy J., 2001. Gap dynamics of forest trees: a review with particular attention to boreal forests. Environ. Rev. 9: 1–59. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mencuccini M., 2002. Hydraulic constraints in the functional scaling of trees. Tree Physiol. 22: 553–565. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Messier C., Doucet R., Ruel J.-C., Claveau Y., Kelly C., and Lechowicz M.J., 1999. Functional ecology of advance regeneration in relation to light in boreal forests. Can. J. For. Res. 29: 812–823. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Ministère des Ressources Naturelles, 2000. La limite nordique des forêts attribuables. Rapport final du comité, Gouvernement du Québec. [Google Scholar]
  • Moles A.T., Warton D.I., Warman L., Swenson N.G., S.W. L., Zanne A.E., Pitman A., Hemmings F.A., and Leishman M.R., 2009. Global patterns in plant height. J. Ecol. 97: 923–932. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Paquin R., and Doucet R., 1992. Croissance en hauteur à long terme de la régénération préétablie dans des pessières noires boréales régénérées par marcottage, au Québec. Can. J. For. Res. 22: 613–621. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Payette S., Delwaide A., Morneau C., and Lavoie C., 1996. Patterns of tree stem decline along a snow-drift gradient at treeline: a case study using stem analysis. Can. J. Bot. 74: 1671–1683. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Potvin C., Lechowicz M.J., and Tardif S., 1990. The statistical analysis of ecophysiological response curves obtained from experiments involving repeated measures. Ecology 71: 1389–1400. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Robitaille A., and Saucier J.-P., 1998. Paysages régionaux du Québec méridional, Les Publications du Québec, Québec. [Google Scholar]
  • Rossi S., Deslauriers A., Anfodillo T., Morin H., Saracino A., Motta R., and Borghetti M., 2006. Conifers in cold environments synchronize maximum growth rate of tree-ring formation with day length. New Phytol. 170: 301–310. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Rossi S., Tremblay M.-J., Morin H., and Levasseur V., 2009a. Stand structure and dynamics of Picea mariana on the northern border of the natural closed boreal forest in Quebec, Canada. Can. J. For. Res. 39: 2307–2318. [Google Scholar]
  • Rossi S., Tremblay M.-J., Morin H., and Savard G., 2009b. Growth and productivity of black spruce in even- and uneven-aged stands at the limit of the closed boreal forest. For. Ecol. Manage. 258: 2153–2161. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • SAS, 2003. SAS System, version 9.1.3 SAS Institute Inc., Cary, N.C. [Google Scholar]
  • Shorohova E., Kuuluvainen T., Kangur A., and Jõgiste K., 2009. Natural stand structures, disturbance regimes and successional dynamics in the Eurasian boreal forests: a review with special reference to Russian studies. Ann. For. Sci. 66: 201. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • St-Germain J.-L., and Krause C., 2008. Latitudinal variation in tree-ring and wood cell characteristics of Picea mariana across the continuous boreal forest in Quebec. Can. J. For. Res. 38: 1397–1405. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Takahashi K., 1996. Plastic response of crown architecture to crowding in understorey trees of two co-dominating conifers. Ann. Bot. 77: 159–164. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Van Laar A., and Akça A., 2007. Forest mensuration, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. [Google Scholar]
  • Viereck L.A., and Johnson W.F., 1990. Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P., black spruce. In: Burns R.M., Honkala B.H. (Eds.), Silvics of North America, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, D.C. [Google Scholar]
  • Zar J.H., 1999. Biostatistical Analysis, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. [Google Scholar]
  • Zeide B., 1993. Analysis of growth equations. For. Sci. 39: 594–616. [Google Scholar]