Free Access
Ann. For. Sci.
Volume 67, Number 2, March-April 2010
Article Number 202
Number of page(s) 8
Published online 01 February 2010
  • Abe M., Miguchi H., Honda A., Makita A. and Nakashizuka T., 2005. Short-term changes affecting regeneration of Fagus crenata after the simultaneous death of Sasa kurilensis. J. Veg. Sci. 16: 49–56 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Alvarez-Aquino C. and Williams-Linera G., 2002. Seedling bank dynamics of Fagus grandifolia var. mexicana before and after a mast year in a Mexican cloud forest. J. Veg. Sci. 13: 179–184 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Beckage B., Lavine M. and Clark J.S., 2005. Survival of tree seedlings across space and time: estimates from long-term count data. J. Ecol. 93: 1177–1184 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Caspersen J.P. and Saprunoff M., 2005. Seedling recruitment in a northern temperate forest: the relative importance of supply and establishment limitation. Can. J. For. Res. 35: 978–989 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Collet C. and Le Moguedec G., 2007. Individual seedling mortality as a function of size, growth and competition in naturally regenerated beech seedlings. Forestry 80: 359–370 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Cornett M.W., Reich P.B., Puetmann K.J. and Frelich L.E., 2000. Seedbed and moisture availability determine safe sites for early Thuja occidentalis (Cupressaceae) regeneration. Am. J. Bot. 87: 1807–1814 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Diaci J., Gyoerek N., Gilha J. and Nagel T.A. 2008. Response of Quercus robur L. seedlings to north-south asymmetry of light within gaps in floodplain forests of Slovenia. Ann. For. Sci. 65: 105, 8 p. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Duchesneau R. and Morin H., 1999. Early seedling demography in balsam fir seedling banks. Can. J. For. Res. 29: 1502–1509 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Friend D.T.C., 1961. A simple method for measuring integrated light values in the field. Ecology 42: 577–580 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gonzalez M.E., Veblen T.T., Donoso C. and Valeria L., 2002. Tree regeneration responses in a lowland Nothofagus-dominated forest after bamboo dieback in South-Central Chile. Plant Ecol. 161: 59–73 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gratzer G., Rai P.B. and Glatzel G., 1999. The influence of the bamboo Yushania microphylla on regeneration of Abies densa in central Bhutan. Can. J. For. Res. 29: 1518–1527 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hille Ris Lambers J. and Clark J.S., 2003. Effects of dispersal, shrubs and density-dependent mortality on seed and seedling distributions in temperate forests. Can. J. For. Res. 33: 783–795 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Holz C.A. and Veblen T.T., 2006. Tree regeneration responses to Chusquea montana bamboo die-off in a subalpine Nothofagus forest in the southern Andes. J. Veg. Sci. 17: 19–28 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Houle G., 1998. Seed dispersal and seedling recruitment of Betula alleghaniensis: spatial inconsistency in time. Ecology 79: 807–818 [Google Scholar]
  • Korpel’ Š., 1995. Die Urwälder der Westkarpaten. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 310 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Laliberté E., Cogliastro A. and Bouchard A., 2008. Spatiotemporal patterns in seedling emergence and early growth of two oak species direct-seeded on abandoned pastureland. Ann. For. Sci. 65: 407. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • LePage P.T., Canham C.D., Coates D. and Bartemucci P., 2000. Seed abundance versus substrate limitation of seedling recruitment in northern temperate forests of British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 30: 415–427 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Modrý M., Hubený D. and Rejšek K., 2004. Differential response of naturally regenerated European shade tolerant tree species to soil type and light availability. For. Ecol. Manage. 188: 185–195 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mori A. and Mizumachi E., 2005. Season and substrate effects on the first-year establishment of current-year seedlings of major conifer species in an old-growth subalpine forest in Japan. For. Ecol. Manage. 210: 461–467 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Nagel T.A., Svoboda M. and Diaci J., 2006. Regeneration patterns after intermediate wind disturbance in an old-growth Fagus-Abies forest in southeastern Slovenia. For. Ecol. Manage. 226: 268–278 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Nakashizuka T., 2001. Species coexistence in temperate mixed deciduous forests. Trends Ecol. Evol. 16: 205–210 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Osumi K. and Shobu S., 2002. The unstable fate of seedlings of the small-seeded pioneer tree species, Betula maximowicziana. For. Ecol. Manage. 160: 85–95 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Packer A. and Clay K., 2004. Development of negative feedback during successive growth cycles of black cherry. Proc. R. Soc. B: Biol. Sci. 271, 317–324. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Paluch J., 2005. Spatial distribution of regeneration in West-Carpathian uneven-aged silver fir forests. Eur. J. For. Res. 124: 47–54 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Parent S., Simard M.J., Morin H. and Messier C., 2003. Establishment and dynamics of the balsam fir seedling bank in old forests of northeastern Quebec. Can. J. For. Res. 33: 597–603 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Pielou E.C., 1974. Population and community ecology. Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York, 424 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Sokal R.R. and Rohlf F.J., 1981. Biometry, 2nd ed., W.H. Freeman and Company, New York, 859 p. [Google Scholar]
  • Szewczyk J. and Szwagrzyk J., 1996. Tree regeneration on rotten wood and on soil in old-growth stand. Plant Ecol. 122: 37–46 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Szwagrzyk J. and Szewczyk J., 2008. Is natural regeneration of forest stands a continuous process? A case study of an old-growth forest of the Western Carpathians. Pol. J. Ecol. 56: 623–633 [Google Scholar]
  • Szwagrzyk J., Szewczyk J. and Bodziarczyk J., 2001. Dynamics of seedling banks in beech forest: result of 10-year study on germination, growth and survival. For. Ecol. Manage. 141: 237–250 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Wada N. and Ribbens E., 1997. Japanese maple (Acer palmatum var. Matsumurae, Aceraceae) recruitment patterns: seeds, seedlings and saplings in relation to conspecific adult neighbors. Am. J. Bot. 84: 1294–1300 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Warner R.R. and Chesson P.L. 1985. Coexistence mediated by recruitment fluctuations: a field guide to the storage effect. Am. Nat. 125: 769–787. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Wiegand T., 2008. Programita, a software to perform point pattern analysis with Ripley’s L and O-ring statistic. Available from: [Google Scholar]
  • Wiegand T. and Moloney K.A., 2004. Rings, circles, and null-models for point pattern analysis in ecology. Oikos 104: 209–229 [CrossRef] [MathSciNet] [Google Scholar]